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the first computer for the masses. The first computer that made Apple be Apple.
April 16, 1977, more than 12,000 computer enthusiasts had moved to San Francisco to attend the West Coast Computer Faire , a new event in San Francisco that was intended to promote computers to the general public.
at the time, it was the one who could be considered the biggest event on computers in the world. They were all there, even small startup they wanted to show their work and proposals. Something like Mobile World Congress , but less media and reserved for fans of computing as researchers, electronic or computer engineers . One of those small businesses, was in the right place and time. His name was Apple Computers , an unknown at the time but had already way into the market, anecdotally, with its Apple I computer.
There were Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and several employees the company showing the operation of a machine not yet presented: the Apple II. Perhaps the attendees understood, through the magnitude of the event, which were living and what would years later, but Apple Computers, despite attention, was not the star of the event much less. A proposal seemed more among the 180 companies attending. Soon all the fans would realize the importance of this new computer.
The machine began to be distributed in the summer, and at the end of it, adopted enough fame to sneak into the trio of friendly computers next to the Commodore PET 2001 and TRS-80 user not keen for their ability to be ready to use out of the box after. It would be the key in the future so that the computer was by and for all. The computers of the time were destined to experienced with the soldering iron to attach themselves the necessary peripherals and chips. Were kits for amateurs and professionals more than a product of general consumption. The Apple II was different , it was much more affordable
Some determine which Apple systems constituted the first truly personal computers , a claim that depends on the definition of own PC . What we can say is that, without a doubt, was influential. It was the culmination of a clear idea of what should be a computer and where it should go. Given that Apple had only been a year in business, and the Apple I was a simple anecdote, the computer managed to establish such a landmark that chronicled the years journalists later with the products of the company that changed the technology industry most recently last
the history of the two Steve
Apple II tells a story.. two totally opposite minds that came together to define an accessible, economical, versatile and influential computer
Jobs firmly believed that the computer must guide and invite the user to use, meanwhile Wozniak was obsessed with making the computer I could not do with the Apple I for lack of funding. Mike Markkula managed to get sufficient funding by the money raised from sales of the Apple I. Wozniak was ready to create the computer I had in mind.
The other Steve handled the case and caring how friendly would be the first contact of users with its creation. Key to the success of the computer would be the marketing . The Apple II was touted as a “complete and ready to use computer” incorporating a keyboard and ports for connecting an external color display and a tape cassette. The technical instructions said much of the focus of the product and the essence of Apple until today : a simple text column, in the end, said the computer was also available for fans of the do it yourself . It was strange. a simple, fun and productive computing for everyone promised not only to the gurus of electronics. The housing should reflect all that, he thought Jobs. Friendly, sober, an element of the home, not in a laboratory or university
I wanted the Apple II was a “appliance” more . So I draw inspiration from the great designers of this segment of consumer electronics. Search culminating with the hiring of Jerry Manock. Manager to design housing on the basis of what occupied the printed circuit board and the keyboard that had to be attached on the front of the machine.
The conflict came soon after because Wozniak wanted to use expansion slots for third circuits . Jobs thought were inappropriate for the market heading that was not the electronics enthusiasts. Wozniak got his way and the computer had eight expansion ports. Yes, the two managed it added not to interfere with the aesthetics of the computer or how it was perceived by the user “novel”.
Despite being built with enough space to accommodate expansions that could sue fans, the Apple II was presented in a closed housing, which gave the appearance of integrity and being a single to place the monitor on top piece. visually suggested it was an appliance, no protection to a circuit board. But, without doubt, the key was the plastic . It was the first computer to be sold with a plastic housing. The metal was cheaper and offered better protection to electromagnetic radiation generated inside, but Steve Jobs insisted that the plastic was essential for the computer to be interpreted as a consumer device. It was designed in record time before filing the West Coast Computer Faire .
Soon the two Steve and Mike Markkula realized the need to increase production. Apple attracted a much larger audience and was developing software for he did nothing but increase demand. Especially VisiCalc , the first spreadsheet program commercially successful calculation. The application was “killer” par excellence and increased sales from $ 770,000 of 1977 to 7.9 million in 1978. Being able to use color screens with the computer made a huge community of programmers capsizes with your computer. Electronic Arts published its first titles for the Apple II. How to implement Wozniak peripherals was a standard in the industry that continues to this day.
By August of that year, the computer could be described as “the best personal computer sold in the world.”
April 16, 2016
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