4 curious singularities of the euro coins

four curious singularities of the euro coins

Euro coins representing the 19 countries national identity through symbols and monuments that contain some exceptional sights.

The euro lacking the peculiarities present in coins because their signs and symbols are identical to the twelve countries and show no variation if we ignore the serial numbers. The coins, however, offer unique features with some other peculiarity.

Always under the Constitution

 Picture detail Liberty Leading the People, in which the photo appears Marianne. Escuelapedia

Picture detail Liberty Leading the People, in which La Marianne appears. Photo: Escuelapedia

Germany and France are the only countries that use the Euro only constitutional symbols in your coins. In the case of France, in their coins of 1 and 2 euros Republican Tree of Life, one of the most important symbols of the French state, whose branches grow between slogans concerning the French Revolution is shown. But the concept of “seed” or expand these revolutionary ideas also appears on the coins of 50, 20 and 10 cents. In this case, through the figure of La Semeuse or Seeder, a scene depicting a woman dressed in a long robe, and Phrygian cap, carrying a bag full of seeds. Is a recorded with a long tradition in French numismatics, created in 1897 to appear on the silver coins of the Third Republic and later reused in 1960 for new francs. Furthermore, in the currencies of 5, 2 and 1 cent the The Marianne , the famous revolutionary hero and one of the most popular symbols of France

As for the Germans euros, the most powerful symbol is the Brandenburg Gate coins 50, 20 and 10 cents. Oak represented the honor to ancient Rome Although this wonderful monument was built between 1788 and 1791 (replaced one of the 18 gates of the ancient wall Berlin) , the truth is that his fame reached new heights after the end of the Cold War and the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. It became in fact the symbol of the reunification of Germany and its emblem constitutional. The funny thing is that this great monument against the currencies of 5, 2 and 1 cent engraving contain a simple oak branch. A very common throughout Europe and in principle devoid of any particular species, but during the Roman Republic represented the honor . A meaning that was recovered by the French during the revolution and in the case of Germany was established as a national symbol.

The European Union in the world

 Faces of euro coins. Source: FleurDeCoin

Faces of euro coins. Source: FleurDeCoin

The obverse of euro coins, which is the common side in all of them, shows the three situations in Europe within the planet. On the one hand, on the coins of 1 and 2 euros represented a Europe without frontiers, as a single land mass. Meanwhile, in the currencies of 50, 20 and 10 cents, the map changes to include the boundaries between each of the member states. Even if you use a magnifying glass, you can see that there is a small space not bounded between France, Italy, Austria and Germany, representing Switzerland , a country that does not belong to the Eurozone . On the other hand, in the remaining 3 cents coins, European countries appear inside the globe, appearing as a prominent part of the world.

Greece beyond Athens and Sparta

Battle scene from the War of Independence of Greece, designed by Georg Perlberg Source:. Aristotleguide

Battle scene from the War of Independence of Greece, Georg Perlberg work. Source: Aristotleguide

It seems impossible to separate the ubiquitous Greek Ancient Greece . At least we can make it through your coins. But we encounter the first surprise: 2 euros is not Greek. The amazing thing is that the print is not a Greek but Roman work! It is the reproduction of an ancient Roman mosaic in which appears a typical village near Sparta. Meanwhile, 1 coin depicts the image of a currency, in this case of an Athenian tetradrachm the 5th century BC including the figure of an owl. It is an idea that modern copy drachmas 1970.

But Greece also has modern Greek history and the country also missed the opportunity to show through their coins. This is the case profile Velestinlis Rigas, a national hero and intellectual reform and considered one of the great ideologues of the modern Greek state . The first President of the free Greece, Ioannis Capodistrias , murdered in 1871 in the city of Nafplio, and Eleftherios Venizelos, one of the main political Hellenes during the Balkan Wars and the Aegean Sea in 1910.

The truth is that the Greeks chose to capture the most painful moments of its recent history and put aside other more pleasant historical facts. And it is that the coins of 5 and 2 cent coins show warships (an old galley and a warship used in the War of Independence). Of course, as an exception decided to include a tanker in the 1 cent coin in memory of his prestigious shipbuilding history.

Latvia and the Maiden

Old Latvian currency with the profile of Zelma Brauere Source:. Spi3uk

Former Latvian currency Brauere Zelma’s profile. Source: Spi3uk

Young Baltic republic of Latvia was the penultimate state to adopt the euro as its official currency Among the monuments and symbols. included, they depict the bust of a mysterious maiden. The fact is that in 1929, the Ministry of Finance decided that it must minted a coin with the head of a woman as a symbol of the Republic of Lithuania and freedom. For this, a contest in which the ideas of all those citizens wishing to draw the face of the maiden were organized. A contest that won the artist Karlis Zemdega, but his sketch did not take shape due to the government’s refusal : “is technically well crafted, but does not represent the distinctiveness of Latvia”

Years later, the Latvian artist Rihards Zariņš , known for making notes and Tsarist Russia first stamps of Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, returned to his native country called by the Latvian government. Young Brauere was the crush of the artist who portrayed was one of the designers of the coat of arms of the republic and also in charge of designing the final drawing of the maiden. And though it were a portrait to a tiny coin, Zarins decided to use a woman as a model . He chose young Brauere Zelma, 29 and proofreader in a Riga printing frequented by the artist. Graduated in Philology and polyglot (he spoke seven languages), was a rare exception in the society of the time, besides being the crush of Zarins, never matched . His portrait was included in five silver and two tickets, and etching was popularly known as Milda, a fact that Breure hated by not recognizing Latvians his real name.

Our protagonist worked for 43 years on Riga printing and unfortunately 77 died because of a fatal accident . She was buried with state honors, along with the same dress that appears on coins. At least history will endure through the “single currency”.


4 curious singularities of the euro coins
Source: english  
September 25, 2015

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