It may be the best examples of the legacy of the photographic industry in the early 60s cult Son cameras can still find rakes and 2nd stores hand. Jewels that should not be forgotten.
The cameras continue to improve their performance and photography is in danger of becoming a soulless art serving technology, but it was not always so. There was a time when progress was not invalidated the romance of photography, but it’s really difficult to determine the machines that marked the 60s, but here are 5 of those chambers of worship:
In 1959, Nikon gave one of the steps important in its history by presenting his first SLR 35mm single-lens model than 1 million units were produced until 1973 The designer Masahiko Fuketa , was also responsible for the ranging of the Japanese company. A fact very evident if we compare the two types of cameras with a physiognomy so similar: where the rangefinder, the mount of the lens and the film, the Nikon F find a removable visor, the frame F and the mirror is located. In addition, the shutter is virtually identical.
They were 14-year history in which professional photographers enjoyed with its versatility, reliability and durability. In fact, the frame F has proven to be one of the best technical innovations in the history of photography and still used in today’s digital cameras. Made of stainless steel with over 50 years of history behind it, is wide enough to accept all internal connections that have been added since. In addition, unlike other systems, objectives of frames F are placed by turning anti-clockwise.
The designer Yoshihisa Maitani premiered with this camera and continued designing all subsequent variations. A job that got a product with quality and robustness rarely see today, even in very high-end cameras. The first Pen were made in 1959 (yes, the same year as the Nikon F), but not for Olympus, but by a subcontractor: Sanko . But when sales surged unexpectedly, Olympus did not hesitate to take over production Shoji after selling over 30,000 cameras in just a few months. Its small size made it a true pocket camera (only 350 grams).
Solid, simple and surprisingly compact, the Olympus Pen has a goal of four elements 28mm , ie normal to the middle focal length format. But it is a focal length that generates a powerful depth of field, which can easily get a very sharp focus. Even by modern films, producing a very fine grain, you can get better pictures yesteryear.
Kodak Instamatic 100
In 1963, Kodak Instamatic camera presented 100. Designed by Frank A. Zagara ,, looked like a toy camera with a simple lens and used ink cartridges instead of reels. Y is sold for less than $ 15! Came to achieve a Certificate of Meritorious Design Institute of Industrial Designers US, but only was made for three years, until 1966.
The Instamatic was very simple: had an opening, a shutter speed and fixed focus However, it was a revolution.. Kodak was clear that they were cameras take photos that reveal instantly and impeding the maximum errors able Photographer’s necessary. You had to launch a camera pick those fleeting moments as quickly and cheaply as possible. And thus was born the Instamatic, which marked the beginning of a long list of prints with very similar functions , but full of great failures. The truth is that caught the attention of industry and many began to develop similar projects.
more than 50 million units were sold. A legacy that became the great demonstration of the company against its competitors: the eagerness to Kodak for making increasingly use simple cameras had been a real success. It was the beginning of a new segment in the photographic industry.
When released in 1966, the Rollei 35 was the smallest 35mm camera ever built in the world , a record he held until 1970 when it appeared the Olympus XA. However, the production of the original model lasted until 1980. German engineer Heinz Waaske came up with the idea of design a camera with a third the size of the camera viewfinder, like 16mm cameras, at that time in full swing. At that time worked for the company Wirgin, which immediately rejected the idea, but Waaske not give up and presented their project to Rollei , who decided to trust him.
Originally, the camera is offered in black or chrome color and was manufactured during his early years in Germany, but due their high costs, Rollei decided to move the factory to Singapore in early 1970. Also, the designer had to devise a new system of shutter and five sprocket wheel to advance the film to the detriment of the six pinions mounted the vast majority. A true feat of engineering to accommodate all camera functions in such a small space.
Leica never could match. The M4 came to replace the M3 in 1967, with little apparent improvements, but achieving a mechanical and optical precision that has placed a great among the great. Many consider it the best of the analog Leica , a rewind system much faster than its predecessors and presented with a new set of goals of 35, 50, 90 and 135mm.
A craft machine, made of bronze, aluminum screws and steel shafts that already in the 60s seemed from another era. It was and still one of the essential for the best street photographers , which resulted later two very similar models: M4-2, designed to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the company, and M4-P, which included goals of 28 and 70mm. It was also the last of the Leica unmetered and ended all romantic era of classic cameras, but still it is a greatly appreciated camera.
April 24, 2015
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