In the world of pseudoscience, bad psychology has a very important role. Discover what treatments are part of it.
The science is humble by definition because their method is founded on intellectual rigor, meticulous checks the scientific community and, thus, on the conscience of our cognitive limitations and only the wisdom and hard work of research can help understand the complexity of the world. Instead, pseudoscience are based on simplicity, in the theoretical individualism, lack of methodological discipline and fall in our individual biases perception .
One of the areas where more danger exists to rush into pseudoscience without us realize this is psychology, mainly because our need for self . Then have the most representative examples
Ineffective psychological therapies
Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud, the father of the discipline in the turbulent nineteenth century, did not develop his theories using scientific methodology, but your intuition. Therefore, is impossible to verify the accuracy of psychoanalytic hypotheses and test the effectiveness of treatments experimentally : Karl Popper said they are unfalsifiable. And meanwhile, Carl Jung, the famous disciple of Freud, used astrology to determine the personality. Furthermore, it was found that the rate of spontaneous remission of a mental problem matches the alleged efficacy of analytic therapies; and what we now know is that, for example, the influence of the personality of a mother has no connection with the homosexuality of their children, as advocated by psychoanalysis, which, although it enjoyed much preaching for decades and even now Argentina and France still enjoys her current studies in psychology have simply relegated to history for its undeniable cultural significance .
Graphology and psychological analysis of handwriting : the first proposed that can know someone’s personality by analyzing the features of his writing ; second, that the graph reeducation can serve as therapy and change behavior either. But not only these claims have not been proven, but even the more recent studies have exposed their fallibility even though, like astrology, settle on the Forer or Barnum effect: one feels identified by general or vague descriptions apply to many people. Yes, do not confuse graphology, too present in human resources departments with the work of the handwriting experts, who only engaged specify whether someone is the author of a letter.
Parapsychology : the broad field that integrates all attributable to the ESP and physical manipulation performed with the mind of living or dead, focused on the study of unexplained phenomena and the conclusions, having been well examined, it was found lack of experimental rigor and biases of faith . Telepathy, psychokinesis, astral travel, spiritualism and other phenomena without verification part of parapsychology
Dianetics . Is a therapy for cure mental illness invented by Ronald Hubbard, the founder of the Scientology sect , which consists of repeated and hypnotic story of the alleged perceptions when one has been unconscious or has suffered physical pain, reaching a moment they finish downloading these considered records memory and taken for finishing treatment. Its foundations, besides the ideas of Hubbard, are the reincarnation and telepathy, and are not accredited
Transpersonal Psychology . It is the Eastern mysticism as psychological therapy ; takes spiritual aspects of Buddhism, Hinduism, Jungian psychoanalytic legacy and even parapsychology, and get a mix of religion, occultism and philosophy that is very difficult to scientifically accepted. “The awakening of consciousness” is his mantra
- Self-help and coaching: the systematization of positive thinking and willpower as infallibility and guarantee of success and, therefore, of the proper and full responsibility for all the ills that befall one, regardless of the organization and the context in which we live with its inequalities, the influence of others and unexpected events, mixing Protestant conception of failure with some benevolence and New Age ideas. The self-help books (Coelho, Chopra, Riso, Dyer, Canfield, Byrne, etc.) and the trainers and entertainers ( coaches ) set in the business world preach these ideas and propose methods and therapies supported them. Its simplicity and its contradictions with the complex and accredited psychology disable self-help and coaching thus formulated as a scientific and truly useful way of using the mind to our advantage. However, they are beginning to develop psychological coaching models that if they get rid of positive thinking as used by their initiators call “pseudocoaches” may get passed scientific standards . This is something still incipient, in any case; and only the humble science can tell us where to get
April 26, 2015
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