Paipa’s story

It commemorates four centuries and a decade of its founding what is now “The Tourist City of Boyacá”.

When the Spaniards arrived in this part of the present-day Province of Tundama, they discovered an invaluable treasure from which they decided to make the most of: the hot spring sources. From that moment, Paipa became the basis of tourism in the region.

About five hectares encompass the land that has these thermo-mineral waters and nearby a large number of swimming pools, hotels, restaurants and different commercial businesses have been built. Explicitly, water springs from an underground lake from where it is extracted and driven to the different establishments.


Paipa marked an important mark on the great Battle for Independence of the Country, as a terrible confrontation took place in these lands in a place that was called “The Swamp of Vargas”, in 1819. Therefore, a famous and recognized monument was erected that exalts the courage and honor of 14 lancers who gave their lives for the freedom of their homeland, authorship of Rodrigo Arenas Betancur.

Other places that are part of this rich range of tourist attractions in this municipality that is located just 15 km from Duitama and 179 km from Bogotá, are Casagrande Real, Las Aguas, la Casona ‘El Salitre’, El Lago Sochagota, the Cathedral , La Playa, La Estrella de Mar, La Reserva Natural de Ranchería, among others, that every weekend and holiday season, attract thousands of Colombians from different departments and also, hundreds of foreigners, great entrepreneurs and senior political leaders.

Before 1602, when its Hispanic foundation had happened, in the sixteenth century those who inhabited this Boyac nod were true warriors of the Cacicazgo del Tundama and who fought with all their might against Spanish rule. But the Europeans won and extinguished these natives and their culture.

Thus the laws of the Spaniards, such as the “Encomienda”, organized a new town, made up of 800 natural inhabitants of Paipa, under the mandate of Captain Gómez de Cifuentes. The number of the ill-called indigenous people decreased considerably and at the end of the century, only 231 men of authentic blood were counted.

At the beginning of the seventeenth century, on February 19, 1602, the visitor Luis Enríquez declared the formation of an indoctrination center, where the Central Square is currently located. In the same year the town began to be built, which in its beginnings was classified as a corregimiento, with the classic model of Spanish grid and how such an architectural order can be seen in all Colombian municipalities. First, they started with the Church.

On November 4, 1755, Don Ignacio de Caicedo was designated as the First Corregidor of Paipa. In 1758, Juan Avellaneda, Miguel de Lara and Esteban Rodríguez, were appointed as the first mayors. In 2012, Luz Amanda Camargo Vargas is the second woman to manage the riches of the Tourist Treasure of Boyacá.

Various events commemorate the Hispanic foundation such as “Get on Rouena” and a heartfelt “Serenade to the Municipality”, in honor and homage to those paipana riches that make Boyaca great and recognized worldwide, for its streets, its park, its church, its waters, the Vargas swamp and its people, as well as major events such as the National Band Competition, among others.

Paipa’s story
Source: curiosities  
June 30, 2019

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