Taxidermy comes from the Greek word “taxisa” which refers to fix or accommodate and “dermis”, which means skin. Nowadays it is an art since it refers to the dissection of animals to preserve them intact after death. Formerly, substances that are currently obsolete were used, as it is evident that over the years, science improves its techniques and procedures to make it easier for human beings to experiment with the environment that surrounds them.
What is taxidermy and what is it?
Taxidermy has been recognized as an official profession for a short time, because a few years ago it was seen as a hobby, but today there are institutes specializing in the teaching and dissemination of this particular form of art.
The museums are the main contractors of taxidermists to keep the exhibition pieces intact. Apart from the academic environment that surrounds this mysterious art, fans also do it as a way of entertainment; in the case of fishermen and hunters, for example, they are trained to perpetuate the existence of their prey for much longer and not only that, but they use it as a trophy exhibited in the halls of their homes.
This form of art is very demanding because not only do you need to know about anatomy, but it requires that those who practice it have enough knowledge of sculpture, painting, dissection and treated skin, because these tissues are very delicate due to post-mortar rigor, which is quite complicated to handle, but this technique allows you to mold them as desired thanks to the correct use of certain chemicals, which will allow you to do what you want with these specimens.
The first manual of taxidermy that was published in Spanish was written by Juan Mieg in 1817 and was titled “Instruction on the Art of Preserving the Objects of Natural History”.
A famous taxidermist was Charles Darwin (February 12, 1809-19 April, 1882) who despite not standing out academically, in his early childhood gained knowledge and great experience collecting as a game, eggs of birds, insects and fossils, but these apparent pranks were going to transform the way of seeing the world because it aroused the interest to attend lectures on biology, zoology and chemistry, and so learned the skills of taxidermy.
How do you like this art, do you like it or do you know someone who likes it?
May 1, 2019