This culture is one of the most valuable and important in Latin American history. From it, one of the most surprising empires, called “Tahuantinsuyo” was born.
They all descended from the Mayans
Its entire history originated from the city of Cusco, which is suspected to have been founded around 1200 A.D. in Peru. It is rich in mythological histories such as Greek culture, only it unfolding in the Andean region of South America, along the Pacific and the prominent Western Andes.
Direct descendants of the Mayans, so their expansion route is estimated from Colombia to Chile and Argentina. They were characterized by establishing relationships with other cultures and peoples, which enriched Inca knowledge, with more than 700 native languages chattered on their lands, but mainly Quechua, is the official language.
The throne was inherited from the son of the most complete and skilful King, who fought in duels of surprising competitions with his other brothers. The Hanan Cusco or Cuzco Alto, and the Hurin Cuzco or Low Cuzco, were the two predominant dynasties, which rotated power.The Inca Sapa Atahuallpa was one of those victorious princes, and who also turned out to make history because he was the one who received the conquering assassin Spanish, and was then killed by them in 1533 AD.
The history that has official of the Incas, come from the chronicles made by Garcilaso de la Vega, who created the “Legend of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo”; together with Juan Díez de Betanzos, who created the “Legend of the Ayar Brothers”. These legends were transmitted orally.
Luis Valcarcel modified the version of the Ayar brothers in 1984, the first known chronicle of the Inca origin, in 1551. Valcarcel’s account was in a book entitled “History of Ancient Peru through the Written Source”
Like Greek culture, the Incas developed all their mythology around nature. They loved and idolated Pachamama. They were also polytheistic, that is, they believed in various gods. Although they were made up of hundreds of peoples in various places in South America, they had in common the supreme deity of Mother Nature or Pachamama, together with the God Inti or, which is the deity that represents the Sun.
They have been called pantheists because they divinized as such the lagoons, the rains, the mountains, etc. It was thought that everything was divine and practically, that the Universe was the same God. They believed that the Sun was a Living Being and a deity that gives life to all beings on Earth and the Solar System. They were unimpeachable and supremely advanced astronomers, so much so that even official science has not been able to match its calculations so precisely.
Above the Sun, or God Inti, the Incas sages worshipped Viracocha or Apu Kon Titi Wiracocha, in the Quechua language, the Father of Inti and creator of all of us. The Father’s Father.
Moreover, because agriculture was his way of life and his economy, they also attributed all the divine characters to the planting and his harvests guided by Inti and his wife Quilla, Goddess of the Moon.
July 14, 2019