Phases of alcohol poisoning
We’ve always heard the jocular phrase that says “once a year doesn’t hurt” to refer to the social situation of drinking alcohol. Some people, in fact, only do so very rarely and in very low numbers.
Others, though very young, abuse him weekly and some others even daily. But what effects can this much-quoted substance have on our bodies at parties and celebrations?
First of all it would be good to clarify what are the immediate effects of alcohol consumption, which begin to feel completely in the body in the first thirty and ninety minutes after entering our body orally, is say, taken in liquid form.
According to experts the first phase of alcohol poisoning, which translates to a blood alcohol level of 0.5 g/L (i.e. for every liter of blood there is 0.5 grams of alcohol) is characterized by a state of stimulation and euphoria on the part of the consumer. During this stage the person feels uninhibited, cheerful, he may even experience a certain degree of creativity.
However, although it is the first phase, it is important to note that already at this level the individual experiences a reduction of his reflexes as well as an increase in his impulses, so it is a combination a little dangerous for personal safety and that of others , especially if the person who is ingesting alcohol is a young person or adolescent.
Secondly, the person would reach the second phase of alcohol poisoning, in which the nervous system is affected, which manifests itself in the individual as difficulty coordinating movements and maintaining balance.
Likewise, some doctors warn that during this phase the person may experience a feeling of heat, indicating that the body has begun to dispatch heat, losing it due to the dilation of the skin vessels. Muscle afaxia, which is known to muscle paralysis caused by alcohol poisoning, may also occur.
If the person continues to drink alcohol and the blood alcohol level increases up to 2 g/L i.e. two grams of alcohol per liter of blood, a stage of irritability may occur, accompanied by tachycardia, headaches, sleep, as well as dizziness, nausea and Vomiting. This stage is very dangerous, because the person can vomit without having the responsiveness, leaving the vomit trapped in the pharynx, obstructing the passage of air, and causing death by suffocation.
The fourth phase of alcohol poisoning occurs when the degree of alcoholemia is positioned at three degrees of alcohol per liter of blood, causing the individual to enter a coma, even showing involuntary relaxation of sphincters, under a tone shortness of breath, which combined with other conditions inherent to the person can lead to a respiratory arrest.
If the blood alcohol rating reaches 5 g/L (five grams of alcohol per liter of blood) the body may enter a phase of cardiovascular shock. Likewise, the respiratory system is affected by respiratory arrest and as a result of death.
This case could be what happened to some young people who died or were about to die during 2014 after following a strange fashion to drink a bottle of alcohol in seconds and record theself to mount the video on social media.
In short, these could be the immediate effects of high alcohol poisoning. However, not all consumers reach the state of coma and death. Most remain constantly in the second and third stages. However, alcohol also causes tertiary long-term effects, when its consumption is done on a regular and sustained basis.
In that case one of the first affected is our brain, which in the face of a habit of alcohol consumption begins to affect some of its functions, because in the face of this substance brain cells and peripheral nerves die, without these can Recover.
It also causes memory loss, mental gaps, difficulty concentrating, among other mental capacities that are also compromised or suppressed by prolonged alcohol intake.
Likewise excessive consumption of alcohol as a habit can also bring with it cardiovascular disorders such as increased blood pressure, as well as direct damage to the heart muscle itself. It can also cause damage to the pancreas, producing diabetes; damage to the kidneys, esophagus, stomach and from its position to the liver, resulting in serious disorders and diseases such as cirrhosis of the liver.
It is also noteworthy that dependence on the substance of alcohol is known as alcoholism, being classified as a physical and psychological disease that also causes alterations in the social environment of the sufferer as loss of friends, family members, isolation, loneliness, loss of work, divorce, separation, alienation of children, personal neglect, as well as the diseases described above in addition to delirum tremens and death.
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August 28, 2019