100 great characters in history Biography

The lives of 100 great people whose actions deserve to occupy a space among the great characters of the story.


Justinian I Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus, better known as Justinian I ((Tauresio, Macedonia, 11 May 483 A.D. – Constantinople, 13 November …

Menes Menes, also known as Mena, Meni or Min (c. 2930 BC). Political leader and King of Egyptian origin who believes himself ruled …

Elizabeth I Elizabeth I of England (Palace of Placentia, England, 7 September 1533 – Palace of Richmond, …

Zoroaster Zoroaster, also known as Zartosht, Zarathustra or Zaratustra (Rhages, Iran in 628 BC – ibid., 551 BC). Prophet and religious leader …

Mencio Ji M’ngk, who can be translated literally as Master Meng, known in the West as Mencio, Meng Tzu or Meng K’o (State of …

Henry Ford Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947). Inventor…

Francis Bacon Francis Bacon (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626). Noble, Lawyer, Politician, Writer and …

Mao Zedong Mao Zedong, also known as Mao Tse-Tung (Shaoshan, Hunan, 26 December 1893 – Beijing, China, 9 September 1976). …

Homer Homer (Greece c. 800 BC – Greece 701 BC). Poet of Greek origin who is credited with writing the …

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Privólnoe, Stavropol, Soviet Union, 2 March 1931). Better known as Majaíl Gorbachev, he is a lawyer and leader …

Charlemagne, also known as Charles I the Great (Herstal, April 2 between the years 742 and 748 – Aachen, 28 of …

Lenin (Vladimir Illich Ulianov) (Simbirsk, Russia, 22 April 1870 – Gorki, Russia, 21 January 1924. Better known as Vladimir Lenin, he was …

Cyrus II the Great Cyrus II the Great (Anshan, Persis, between 600 and 575 BC – ?, between 530 and 529 BC). Military leader, politician …

Mani Mani (C. 25 April 215 A.D. – Sasaian Empire, c. 26 February 277 A.D.). Scientist, Mathematician, Painter, …

Peter I of Russia Peter I Alexeyevich, better known as Peter I of Russia, The Great (Moscow, Russia, 9 June 1672 – St. Petersburg, …

Nicolas Machiavelo Niccol’ di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (Florence, 3 May 1469 – ibid., 21 June 1527). Better known as Nicholas …

Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler (April 15, 1707 – St. Petersburg, Russia, 18 September 1783). Mathematician and Physicist of Swiss origin, …

Wilhelm Runtgen Wilhelm Conrad R’ntgen (Lennep, Lower Rhine, Germany, 27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923 – Munich, Germany, 10 …

Sui Wen-ti Yang Jian, who assumed the imperial name of Wen-ti or Wen-di (North China, 541 A.D. – ?, 604 A.D.) Chinese Emperor, …

Thomas Malthus Thomas Robert Malthus (13 February 1766 – 29 December 1834). Better known as Thomas …

Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi (September 29, 1901 – November 28, 1954). Theoretical and experimental physicist, …

Gregory Pincus Gregory Goodwin Pincus (April 9, 1903 – August 22, 1967). Scientist and home biologist …

William I William I of England (Falaise, Normandy, c. 1028 – Rouen, France, 9 September 1087). Also known as William I The …

Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – Ermenonville, France, 2 July 1778). Writer and philosopher of origin …

John F. Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963). Also called John F. Kennedy, Jack …

Lao-Tse Lao-Tse, also known under the forms Lao Tzu, Laocio, Lao Zi or Laozi (Current Territory of China, c. 604 BC – ibid., …

Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826). Political leader of American origin, recognized by …

Basque Range (Sines, Portugal, c. 1460 – Cochin, India, 24 December 1524). Navigator and Explorer of Portuguese origin, recognized …

Joseph Stalin Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, better known as Joseph Stalin (Gori, Georgia, Russia, December 18, 1878 – Moscow, Russia, 5 March 1953). …

John Dalton John Dalton (Eaglesfield, United Kingdom, 6 September 1766 – Manchester, United Kingdom, 26 July 1844). Educator, Meteorologist and Scientist of …

Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler (Weil der Stadt, Baden-Wutemberg, Germany, 27 December 1571 – Regensburg, Germany, 15 November 1630). Astronomer, Physique …

Johann Sebastian Bach Johann Sebastian Bach (Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany, 31 March 1685 – Leipzig, Germany, 28 July 1750). Classical musician of German origin, …

Isabel La Católica Isabel I (Madrigal de las Altas Torres, present-day territory of Spain, April 22, 1451 – Medina del Campo, current territory …

Frederick William I Frederick William I of Hohenzollern (Berlin, Prussia 14 August 1688 – Potsdam, Prussia, 31 May 1740). Military leader …

Edward Jenner Edward Jenner (May 17, 1749 – January 26, 1823). Physician and scientist of British origin, …

Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (Rome, 13 July 100 BC – Ibid., 15 March 44 BC). Best known …

Ashoka Ashoka Vardhana (Pataliputra, India, 304 BC – ?, 232 BC). Third Emperor of the Maurya dynasty, in India, who ruled between …

Voltaire Francois-Marie Arouet, historically known as Voltaire (Paris, France, 21 November 1694 – ibid., 30 May 1778). Poet, Writer, Historian, Lawyer …

Sigmund Freud Sigismund Freud, Sigmund Freud (Freiberg, Moravia 6 May 1856 – London, England, 23 September 1939). …

Urban II Odon de Chatillon, who would later take the religious name of Urban II. (Lagery, France, year 1042 – Rome, Italy, 29 …

Omar Umar ibn al-Khattab (Mecca, Arabia , 577 A.D. – Medina, Arabia, 3 November 644 A.D.). Better known as Umar …

Louis Daguerre Louis-Jacques-Mendé Daguerre (Cormeilles, France, 18 November 1787 – Bry-sur-Marne, France, 10 July 1851). Better conclated as Louis Daguerre, it is …

René Descartes René Descartes (La Haye, Turena, France, 31 March 1596 – Stockholm, Switzerland, 11 February 1650). Mathematician and philosopher of origin …

Augustine of Hippo Aurelio Augustine of Hippo, Aurelius Augustinus (Numidia, Tagaste, 13 November 354 A.D. – Hippo, 28 August 430 A.D.). …

Anton van Leeuwenhoek Anton van Leeuwenhoek (24 October 1632 – 26 August 1723). Trader and Scientist of …

Alexander the Great (Pella, Macedonia 356 BC – Babylon, Persia, 323 BC). Military and political leader, who became king …

Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford (Spring Grove, New Zealand, 30 August 1871 – Cambridge, United Kingdom, 19 October 1937) Scientist, Physicist and Chemistry, from …

William Morton William Thomas Green Morton (August 9, 1868 – July 15, 1868)…

Gregor Mendel Gregor Mendel (Heinzendorf, Austria, 22 July 1822 – Brno, Austria, 6 January 1884) Scientist, Botanist, Biologist and Monk of origin …

Guglielmo Marconi Guglielmo Marconi (April 25, 1874 – July 20, 1937). Scientist, Physical, Inventor, recognized for the development …

Joseph Lister Joseph Lister (April 5, 1827 – February 10, 1912) (Upton, Essex, England). Medical Surgeon and Scientist …

John Calvin John Calvin (Noyon, France, 10 July 1509 – Geneva, Switzerland, 27 May 1564). Lawyer and Theologian of origin …

Max Planck Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (April 23, 1858 – October 4, 1947). Best…

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (Caprese, Italy, 06 March 1475 – Rome, Italy, 18 February 1564) known as Michelangelo, …

Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte (Ajaccio, Corsica, France, 15 August 1769 – St. Helena Island, United Kingdom, 05 May 1821) Military and …

Nikolaus Otto Nikolaus August Otto (June 10, 1832 – January 26, 1891). Inventor…

Oliver Cromwell Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1659). Politician and military of origin …

Plato Plato (Athens, Greece, 427 BC – ibid., 347 BC) Greek philosopher, considered one of the three great classical philosophers, together with Socrates …

Simón Bolívar Simón José Antonio de la Santísma Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios (Caracas, Venezuela, July 24, 1783 – Santa Martha, Colombia, 17 …

Thomas Edison Thomas Edison (February 11, 1847 – West Orange, New Jersey, October 18, 1931). Entrepreneur and Inventor of origin …

William Harvey William Harvey (1 April 1578 – 3 June 1657). Doctor of English origin, who was…

Francisco Pizarro Francisco Pizarro (Trujillo, Spain, circa 1476 – Lima, Peru, June 26, 1541). Spanish military leader, explorer and conqueror, recognized …

Adolf Hitler Adolfo Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945). German military and political leader,…

Hernán Cortés Hernán Cortés Pizarro (Medellín, Kingdom of Castile 2 of …

Ludwig van Beethoven Loudwig van Beethoven (Bonn, Germany, 16 December 1770 – Vienna, Austria, 26 March 1827). Musician and composer of German origin, …

John Locke Jhohn Locke (Wrington, United Kingdom, 29 August 1632 – Essex, United Kingdom, 28 October 1704). Philosopher, Physician and Political Theorist…

Genghis Khan Genghis Khan (Mongolia, 1162 A.D. – ibid., 1227). Mongol Military Chief and Emperor, also known as Temujín, who took control of the …

Augustus Cayo Julius Caesar Octavian (Rome, 23 September 63 BC – Nola, 19 August 14 A.D.) Military and …

Werner Heisenberg Werner Karl Heisenberg (December 5, 1901 – February 1, 1976) Philosopher and Physicist …

Alexander Graham Bell Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, 2 August 1922). Scientific…

Alexander Fleming Alexander Fleming (East Ayrshire, Scotland, 6 August 1881 – London, England, 11 March 1955). Medical Microbiologist and Award …

Brothers Wrigth Wilbur Wrigth (Millville, Indiana, April 16, 1867 – Dayton, Ohio, May 30, 1912) and Orville Wrigth (Dayton, Ohio, …

Costantino the Grande Flavio Valerio Aurelio Constantino (Naissus, Moesia …

George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732 – February 22, 1732 – …

James Watt James Watt (19 January 1736 – Handsworth, England, 25 August 1819). Inventor and Mechanical Engineer of …

Moses Moses (born approximately between the 13th and 14th centuries BC) was a religious leader of Hebrew origin, who according to Judeo-Christian religions …

James Clerk Maxwell James Clerk Maxwell (June 13, 1831 – November 5, 1879). Scottish Scientist and Physicist, …

Adam Smith Adam Smith (baptized in Kirkcaldy, Scotland, 5 June 1723 – Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 17 July 1790). Philosopher, Educator, …

Aristotle Aristotle (Estagira, Chalkidiki, Greece, 382 BC – Calcis, Euboea, 322 BC). Greek philosopher and scientist, whose ideas laid the foundations of thought …

Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus (Genoa, Italy, between 1436 and 1456 – Valladolid, Castile, May 20, 1506). Known as the first European to visit …

Karl Marx Karl Heinrich Marx, better known as Karl Marx (Prussia 5 May 1818 – London, England, 14 March …

Michael Faraday Michael Faraday (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) ( 22 September 1791). Chemical and …

Martin Luther Martin Luther (Eisleben, Germany, 10 November 1483 – ibid., 18 February 1546). Augustinian theologian and monk, who changed forever …

William Shakespeare William Shakespeare (23 April 1564 – 23 April 1616). Known as the Greatest Playwright …

Euclid Euclid (325 BC- 265 BC). Considered the most brilliant Greek-Roman mathematician of his time, he is known as the father of Geometry. …

Charles Darwin Charles Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882). English naturalist, known for enacting …

Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei (February 15, 1564 – 8 January 1642). Astronomer, Mathematician and Italian Physicist, considered the …

Louis Pasteur Louis Pateur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895). French chemist, who discovered the …

Nicholas Copernicus Nicholas Copernicus (Torun, Poland, 19 February 1473 – Frauenburg, Poland, 24 May 1543). First astronomer to conceive of the Sun as …

Antoine Lavoisier Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (26 August 1743 – 8 May 1794). Known as the father of Chemistry …

Qin Shi Huang Zhao Zheng Ying Zheng (Qin, 259 BC – Hebei, 210 BC). He was emperor of the Qin dynasty between the years 221 and …

Paul of Tarus Saul of Tarus or St. Paul (Tarsus, Turkey between the year 5 and 10 A.D. – Rome, 60 A.D.). He was a citizen …

Johannes Gutemberg Johann Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutemberg, (Mainz, Germany 1395– Eltville, Germany, 3 February 1468). Craftsman of German origin, who invented, …

Isaac Newton Isaac Newton (December 25, 1642 – 1727). Recognized for discovering the Law of Gravity as well …

Buddha Sidarta Gautama, known as Buddha (“enlightened”) is a sage, who is believed to have lived in India between the 6th and 4th centuries …

Confucius Confucius, K’ung Fu-tzu, Maestro Kong or Kong Qui (Lu State, China 551 BC – ibid. 479 BC). Chinese philosopher, who lived for …

Cai Lun Cai Lun, Jingzhong or Ts’ai Lun (77 A.D. – 110 A.D.) although other historians place it between 50 and 121 A.D. Is…

Jesus of Nazareth Jesus of Nazareth, Christ or Jesus Christ (Belen, Judea between 2 and 6 BC – Jerusalem, 33 A.D.). Considered one of the …

Albert Einstein Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879, Ulm, Germany – April 18, 1955, Princenton, United States). Scientist of Jewish origin, …

Muhammad Muhammad (April 26, 570 A.D., – Medina, 632 A.D.). Its name is probably a Castilian variable of “Muhammad”, “Mohammed” …

100 great characters in history Biography
Source: Education  
August 14, 2019


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