Amelia Mary Earhart (July 24, 1897 – July 2, 1937).
American aviator, historically recognized for its famous brands in aviation. She was the first woman to make a voyage across the Atlantic as a passenger.
She was also the first woman to achieve the solo voyage across the Atlantic, as well as the first flight between Hawaii and the United States, a feat that had claimed the lives of all the pilots who had tried.
He also broke several records of height and speed. He disappeared while trying to make the first plane trip around the world, following the equatorial line. Her personality and prowess made her a symbol of the feminist movement.
Amelia Earhart was born on July 24, 1897, in Atchison, Kansas, United States, to Edwin Earhart and his wife Amy Otis.
However, he grew up in his early years with his maternal grandparents, Alfred and Harres Otis, as his grandfather Alfred always believed that Amelia’s father was unable to give his daughter and two grandchildren the life they deserved. From a young age, she distinguished herself by being a restless child, who was fair to outdoor games.
In 1905, he moved with his family to Des Moines, Iowa, so that his father would take up a position as an executive. It was in this city that, in 1907, Amelia would see for the first time an airplane, attending a state fair. However, the device did not attract attention at all.
After the outbreak of World War I, she enlisted with her sister as a volunteer nurse, moving to Toronto, Canada, where she had the opportunity to care for several pilots, as well as visit the Royal Air Corps field.
This experience would arouse Amelia’s curiosity about aviation, which would end up being born entirely, when in 1920, at an air show held in Long Beach, Amelia flew for ten minutes as a passenger in a biplane. From then on aviation would become the passion of his life. He then enrolled in aviation classes with the aviator Neta Snook and bought an airplane Kinner, whom he dubbed “The Canary One”.
In 1922, Amelia achieved her first mark, by flying at a Mayan altitude at fourteen thousand feet. A year later she became the sixteenth woman to obtain the pilot’s license of the International Aeronautical Federation.
In 1927, he became part of the National Aeronautical Association, Boston chapter. From then on she devoted herself to investing money, for the construction of airstrips, as well as promoting aviation among women.
Marks and records
In 1928, he received a proposal from Captain H.H Railey that would change the course of his life. Thus, in April of that year, aboard the Friendship, and in the company of pilot Wilmer Stultz and mechanic Louis Gordon, Amelia became the first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean as a passenger.
Her name became news, including us president Calvin Coolidge himself, congratulated her. The press named her Lady Lindy, for her strong resemblance to the pilot Charles Lindbergh, with whom they began to relate her.
Her fame led her to lecture in several cities and to publish her book Twenty Hours, Forty Minutes, which she edited with the help of publicist George Putnam, who suggested Amelia for this journey, and whom she would marry in 1931. In the coming years, Amelia would continue in her work to continue to drive aviation, especially in women’s circles.
In 1932 she imposed a new brand, when she became, on May 20, 1932, the first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean, alone, a record that no one had matched since Lindberg did, five years earlier.
Likewise during this voyage he broke other marks. Being a return trip, Amelia also set the record of being the first person to fly twice alone across the Atlantic, as well as being the woman to have flown longer distances, non-stop. He also managed to do so in a shorter time than Lindberg.
Her feat earned her the National Geographic Society’s Golden Medal, which she received from President Hoover’s own hands. She was chosen the most outstanding woman of the year, received several keys to the city, in different locations. She also became the first woman to receive the Distinguished Flyin Cross from Congress.
Later, on January 11, 1934, she became the first person to achieve a flight between the island of Hawaii and the United States. She left Honolulu, arriving first in Oakland, California, to continue on to Washington.
Before Amelia, ten male pilots had tried this route before, losing their lives. President Roosevelt himself sent her his congratulations. A few months later, she traveled solo between Los Angeles and Mexico City, and from Mexico City to Newark, New Jersey, setting new records.
In search of new achievements, in 1935, Amelia Earhart began planning the flight she felt she needed to do: around the world, following the equatorial line. After an accident on the first attempt, on May 21, 1937, aboard the twin-engine Lockheed Electra 10-E, Amelia Earhart took off, in the company of Fred Noonan, from Los Angeles on his final voyage.
On July 2, 1935, when they were thirty-three thousand kilometres of travel, and were on the penultimate stage of the voyage, the plane disappeared in the middle of a storm. To this day the fate of its crew is unknown.
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