Anne Boleyn (Rochford Holla, 1501 – London, England, 19 May 1536). Noble British, who became the second wife of King Henry VIII and Queen of England.
However, she couldn´t fulfill her husband’s desire to give her a son, which would prolong the Tudor dynasty, which is why she was beheaded, after being subjected to a trial that sentenced her to adultery. In addition, Anne Boleyn was the mother of Elizabeth I, (Queen Elizabeth) one of England’s most important queens, and whom she was only able to raise until the age of three, when she was separated from her daughter and taken to prison.
Anne Boleyn was born in 1501, in Rochford Hall, Essex County, England, becoming the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and Elizabeth Howard, daughter of the Count of Norfolk. Over the years her father would accumulate titles, becoming consecutively Viscount Rochford and Count of Wilshire and Ormonde. In this way, Anne Boleyn belonged to one of the most influential noble families in England.
This future queen spent her first years of life in France, where she had the opportunity to train at the court of Francis I, where she received a solid academic and social education, which would prepare her for the role that fate had given her. In 1522, at the age of twenty-one, Anne Boleyn returned to England, where she assumed the post of Lady of Company of Queen Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII.
Romance with Henry VIII
From her arrival at the court of England she was centre dearly with all eyes, inspiring great admiration for her delicate support, which gave her several suitors and admirers, among which was also the King. For her part, Anne Boleyn began to pay attention to Lord Henry Percy, who asked for her hand.
However, Henry VIII ordered Cardinal Wolsey to prevent the wedding. Upon her goal, Henry VIII approached Anne Boleyn. After a while the two would start a passionate relationship.
By this time, Henry VIII had decided not to give more opportunities to his wife Catherine of Aragon, who although she had given him two children, they were born dead. Only the couple’s daughter, Maria, had survived.
However, Catherine’s age left her out of all hope of pleasing the King in her desire to procreate a son, heir to the throne. In order to separate from Queen Catherine and marry Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII asked the Papacy to annul their marriage, which opened a conflict between the crown of England and the Catholic Church, which lasted for two long years.
Finally, Pope Clement VII denied the annulment of the marriage, probably because of the pressures to which he was subjected by the Spanish throne, because Catherine was descendants of the Catholic kings, as well as aunt of Charles V, king of Spain and Emperor of Germany.
The papal decision, contrary to Henry VIII’s wishes, marked the definitive rupture between England and the Catholic Church. In this way the English national Church officially separated itself from the papal jurisdiction, adopting a new cult: the Anglican Religion, which meant a great crisis for Christianity.
Coronation and marriage to the King
On 25 January 1533 he married – by the Lutheran religion and in secret – Ana Boleyn, who according to some historians was pregnant. Four months later, in April, Thomas Cranmer, the newly Lutheran Archbishop of Canterbury, declared the total nullity of the Catholic marriage between Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
A short time later, Anne Boleyn was crowned Queen of England during a ceremony held on the day of Pentecost, at Westminster Abbey. In September 1533, nine months after marrying Henry VIII and to his disappointment, she gave birth to a girl, who was baptized with the name Elizabeth.
The King however decided to wait for his wife to make him the father of an heir. For her part, during the next year, the new Queen would remove from the court the daughter of Catherine of Aragon, Mary, whom she would degrade, taking away her position as princess and making her a lady-in-waiting for her daughter Isabel.
In 1534, the King’s hopes were dashed again when Anne Boleyn had an abortion. In 1535, the Queen was again in a state, surprising the King by giving birth, a few months later, in early 1536 to a child. However, the creature died within hours of being born, condemning its mother to repudiation by the King.
Fall in disgrace and execution
In May 1536, Henry VIII publicly rejected Anne Boleyn during a tournament in Greenwich. The next day, she was separated from her three-year-old daughter, Elizabeth, and taken under arrest to the Tower of London.
On Rey’s orders, a judicial process was opened, being accused of committing adultery on several occasions and with five different individuals, including her own brother. Charges that in light of the investigations have not been proven until now. However, at that time, Anne was tried, convicted and sentenced to execution. On 19 May 1536 she was beheaded at the Tower of London, where she was imprisoned for only seventeen days.
With the way free, Henry VIII married Landi Jane Seymour, who eventually gave him a son, Edward, who nevertheless died very young without leaving heirs. His successors Mary I and Elizabeth I also didn´t come to have children, definitively condemning the Tudor Dynasty to their disappearance.
Image source: biografiasyvidas.com
August 14, 2019