In the field of Universal Literature it is known as the Bible (a word that comes from the Greek voice, which can be translated directly as “books”) to the compilation of several ancient religious texts, inherent in both the Jewish religion and the Jewish religion and Cristina, and that despite having been written by different authors, these doctrines assume that the author of each of the books that make up it is God, through divine inspiration.
About the Bible
Because it is the sacred book of two of the most important religions and with the largest number of followers in the world, the Bible has had great importance for centuries, not in vain turns out to be the first book printed in gutenberg’s printing press, as well as the most imprinted all over the world’s editorial history. Likewise, these religious texts that constitute the Bible also make up the most translated text in the world, existing in more than two thousand different languages.
As for the age of his texts, some specialized sources point out that the oldest books, belonging to the Old Testament – part of the Bible shared by Jews and Christians, although Jews prefer to call it Tanaj – date back to the at least a thousand years old, belonging to the Book of Judges. With regard to the order in which the Bible is presented, the specialists point out that this was the decision of the Catholic Church, who in 382, during the Synod of Rome, which occurred in the pontificate of St Dámaso I, ordered according to his criteria the constituent texts, was subsequently confirmed in the councils that followed.
When considering a summary of the Bible, it can be quite extensive to address the content of each of the texts that build this sacred book for the Christian religion. However, a good way to approach this task may be to first approach the content of each of the parts that make up the Christian Bible, so that we can review what texts are inherent in each Testament, as can be seen below:
According to the point of the specialized sources, the Old Testament consists of the series of sacred texts, written before the birth of Jesus Christ, considered by Christians as the Messiah of whom the prophecies speak. This part of the Bible is also accepted by the Jews.
This part of the Bible has 46 books – in the Catholic version – or 39 – in its Protestant order. Likewise, in general, the sequence posed by the Greek Bible follows in its organization. The books that make up it would be as follows:
The five books of Pentateuk: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Historical Books: Book of Joshua, Book of Judges, Book of Ruth, First Book of Samuel, Second Book of Samuel, First Book of Kings, Second Book of Kings, I Chronicles, II Chronicles, Book of Ezra, Book of Nehemiah, Book of Tobias, Book of Judites , Book of Esther, I Maccabees, II Maccabees, Sapiential Books: Book of Job, Book of Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, The Song of Songs, Book of Wisdom, Book of the Ecclesiastical.
Prophetic books: which can also be divided among older prophets (Book of Isaiah, Book of Jeremiah, Book of Lamentations, Book of Baruch, Book of Ezekiel, Book of Daniel) and minor prophets (Book of Ossees, Book of Joel, Book of Amos, Book of Amos Obadiah, The Book of Jonah, the Book of Micah, the Book of Naamum, the Book of Habakkuk, the Book of Sopheniah, the Book of Ageo, and the Book of Malachi).
For its part, this group corresponds to the period that occurred after the first coming of Christ, the Christian Messiah, which is why they are only read and valued by the believers of this religion.
In this way, for example, the Jews, by not believing that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messiah, reject or do not believe in the information presented in the texts of this Testament, in which he realizes how the coming of Jesus Christ to earth was like , as well as the events that have occurred subsequently, regarding the formation of the Christian Church. As for the 27 books that make up the New Testament, the following are the following:
- The four Gospels: The Gospel of Matthew, the Gospel of Mark, the Gospel of Luke, and the Gospel of Luke.
- A Book of Acts.
- Books of Epistles: a first part, composed of six apostolic epistles, and later thirteen Pauline epistles.
- An apocalypse, classed as a prophetic book.
The Bible has undergone many modifications, especially because of the various translations and dogmatic influences, but still continues to bear supreme wisdom. If you liked this article, share it on your social networks and tell us your opinion about the subject, in the comments box.
September 26, 2019