Pedro Pablo Atusparia was a great revolutionary leader of the South American indigenous movements. He was born in Peru, in a place called Huaraz, in the department of Ancash, in 1840. He was presumed to be the son of an employee of the commercial house of Juan José Sender Taboada.
A soul dedicated to humanity
He died in very strange conditions, having lived a rather difficult existence, for several times he was imprisoned and had to deal with bloody battles that the church was undertaking against its indigenous Cacerist brothers.
At Christmas 1884, Huaraz’s neighbors chose him as Ordinary Acalde of the first district of the city of Independence. In the atrium of the village church the ceremony of possession was held and later, the parish priest gave him in another symbolic ceremony, a black cape with a scepter or chonta rod, to represent his authority.
The Spaniards wanted him to kill him at all costs and even sometimes, at dinners and banquets offered by them, they tried to poison him. But it seems that he did not die poisoned, but of typhore in the year 1887, on August 25.
The main leader of the Huaraz NativeS revolution in Peru, was this man who is honored with a monument in the main square of Huaraz and considered a hero of the people, albeit for the trickery of the Spaniards, some of his fellow indigenous leaders , they came to think that I had betrayed them at one point.
Pedro Cochachin was one of his most important allies. Leading with him the indigenous revolt in 1885, in long pitched battles, armed with stones, spades and machetes.
His leadership lasted until the moment he was imprisoned and also wounded. Attempts to poison him were not only by the Spaniards but also by the same indigenous mayors as him, because they felt betrayed.
They fought, among other things, over taxes used as the so-called “personal contribution”, approved by the government of Piérola in 1879. In any and the future, the war made it very difficult to fully collect that tax.
When he was imprisoned, he rose as President Andrés Avelino Cáceres, who released him immediately held the position. The circumstances of both sides, both those of the indigenous Pedro Pablo, and those of President Cáceres, led them to give in part and part and recognize the mistakes made.
All the events presented in that area of Peru, has been the focus of attention for many historians of the world. But the versions are divided and while some claim that this Huaraz revolution was an anti-fiscal movement, similar to the other indigenous revolts of Peru.
For example, Franklin Pease, another laudable historian, believes that he had much to do with the civil war among the followers of the politician of the last name Iglesias, candidate for the Presidency, against the fanatics of Cáceres, the other candidate.
Manuel Reina Loli, a famous scholar of history, claims that Atusparia died not poisoned as claimed by official sources, but because of a serious epidemiological disease that invaded the nearby regions of Marián and Unchus.
July 14, 2019