Undoubtedly the most prominent consequences of the Baroque are religious in nature, since we must start from the fact that he was born in Italy, in a contest of the Roman Catholic Church against Protestantism and its reform.
An impressive time
Quite difficult circumstances the Church faced in that early part of the sixteenth century, where terrible cases of corruption were observed, at all levels of the ecclesiastical clergy and then, Baroque art was used as a form of propaganda to expand the doctrine of counter-reform and adefty approach to the faithful.
The Society of Jesus, better known as the “Jesuits” was one of the consequences of the Baroque. These warrior monks were responsible for slowing down as it gave rise to Protestantism and recovering the lands considered “holy”, in terrible crusades.
That time was sacred art and consolidated the pope’s figure, reinforcing his power and at the same time that of the Church over the world.
In the realm of Science, the aftermath of the Baroque was glorious. First, Galileo Galilei improved the telescope and managed to establish heliocentric theory, postulated decades ago by Nicholas Copernicus and Kepler. Likewise, William Harvey managed to demonstrate the circulation of blood throughout the human body.
There are numerous these Baroque results in Science. It turned out the barometer, by Evangelista Torricelli. It was the triumphant and magical era of Francis Bacon with his magnificent work “Novum Organum”. Times where Descartes pronounced “I think, then I exist.”
At the time of the pre-Baroque Renaissance, people thought that the entire Universe revolved around man and Earth. In this sixteenth century, when it can be shown how wrong they were, it partly caused man to change his perception of the world drastically and his spirituality to also be revolutionized.
Now life was seen as illusory and fleeting; some, they saw it inconsequentially. But others saw nature as a philosophical inspiration shaped in the Baroque style. Now the Universe was beginning to be seen as something mysterious that had to be investigated with the method of scientific research, checking everything, being totally intellectual.
But the positions of Baroque Science and Art were contrary. For while the former gave himself to seek truth through the mind, the latter devoted himself to artistically emboding imagination and devotional intuitive spirituality.
Similarly, monarchies were strengthened, which, like the Church, used art to strengthen their power.
Other fruits of the Baroque were: naturalism, which is a style that consists in the direct observation of nature but conditioned to some guidelines that the artist proposes, for example aesthetics or moral type, or the simple perception and analysis that the artist Made.
Realism, a current that tends to imitate everything in nature, without trying to analyze it, understand it, think about it, but detailing every small part that can be perceived.
And Classicism, based on embracing the beauty of nature, showing its majesty and perfection. In music as well as painting, sculpture and other arts, the Baroque represented a radical transformation, leading to the birth of new genres.
June 30, 2019