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The French Revolution was more than a mere act or series of revolutionary actions, rather than a massive popular proposal and constituted a whole philosophical, social, political and military movement that led to the end of the monarchy in France and eventually to the disappearance Of the majority of these regimes in Europe as an immediate effect.
The love of knowledge would be one of the triggers
Like many critics, I believe that the thoughts and works of the EIGHTEENTH-century philosophers and encyclopaedists were the main cause of this revolution.
In simple words, they place the human being as the center and object of study unlike the medieval thought that God was the center of the universe. In turn, this undermined the premise that the power of a sovereign came from God, the famous “divine Right,” for “all men are equal.”
However, this was not enough to provoke such a change as to bring the French Revolution proper. There are other factors: France went through a very serious economic crisis because of the borrowings that the Kings had taken to finance the various war conflicts in which the country had participated, in addition to paying the excesses made by the same nobility; The power of the nobility was heavily mined because the bourgeois class had found a niche in the economy of the country that was able to fill more efficiently than the nobility.
It should be remembered that the absolutist states were characterized by avoiding change and could not adequately respond to the changing situations of the EIGHTEENTH century. The bourgeoisie exerted pressure both on the nobility and on the state, this leads to Louis XVI to summon the states general formed by the nobility (the first state), the clergy (second state) and the bourgeoisie (third State). The king’s bet was to try to get new taxes and recover the power undermined by the circumstances.
The bourgeoisie who had another agenda contrary to the other States and against the people as it was later demonstrated is called “National Assembly” as legislative power and also undertakes to establish a Constitution (this type of uprising is not entirely bizarre and He has a history even in the same “Magna Carta” that the nobles make him sign John without land in England. Formally, it is here when the French Revolution begins although many see its beginning a few days later with the taking of the Bastille on July 14, 1789.
The following years were characterized by constant struggles of power between the different factions, the European states financed wars against France to stop the revolution. At times the terror ruled especially when a fraction tried to eliminate their rivals and to tell the truth there were many heroes and even martyrs on all sides.
In the struggles to defend the revolution highlights the figure of Napoleon Bonaparte, of Corsican origin and a great genius both military and political. However, Napoleon himself is the one who overthrows the Republic to become emperor by ending the French Revolution. Although Napoleon is the one who gives the final thrust the revolutionary process had serious problems of command and this already carried in itself the seed of its destruction.
The visionary general only seizes the circumstances as anyone else would have done, it must also be remembered that from his revolutionary spirit was born one of the great eras of France and of it we left the Napoleonic code, a system of laws that serves of Model to many current legislation and that if it were the only contribution of that time well we could say it would be worthwhile.
The French Revolution marked the beginning of the introduction of democratic principles and human rights in Europe, as well as a change in philosophical thought and the balance of power.
Adapted from misrespuestas.com
June 11, 2019
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