Examples of oral diseases and dental health

The mouth is one of the main organs of the human body, since it is vital for breathing, feeding and communication, so its health and hygiene become practically a vital aspect of our survival and good experiential development.

In this sense a sick mouth will be the source of unpositive consequences for our physical and psychological health. For example, it can affect our breathing, making it possible to first not receive enough oxygen that carries food to our cells, while it may be the first point of an infection that also spreads to our lungs.

Likewise, a sick mouth will make it impossible for the patient to enjoy a balanced diet, because of their discomfort they will be prevented from trying certain foods. Likewise a sick mouth is often a source of bad smells, which will make us have an unpleasant breath, which will make many do not enjoy talking to the patient, making him live also a moment of isolation, that can make him feel frustrated and Depressed.

That is why we must maintain the necessary care in our oral and dental health, in order to avoid certain conditions. But what are these terrible diseases that can undermine the integrity of our mouths? Here are examples of some of the infections and oral conditions that can ruin our health:

Cold sores

This condition is one of the most common oral diseases around the world, found in at least eighty-five percent of the population.

It is characterized by small sores around or on the lips, which are produced by a virus, known as the herpes virus, of which at least eight varieties are known, the most popular being HSV-1. The form of contagion – according to what health professionals say – occurs through physical contact or unprotected oral sex.

Although ulcers can be made to disappear from the lips, through specialized topical treatment, the virus never actually leaves the human body, remaining latent, even for years, between onset and onset, which is almost caused always after fevered pictures; so it is further considered that there is no known cure.

Your symptoms can be quite annoying, as well as compromising the patient’s aesthetic appearance during the rash process.


Another common oral disease within the world population is Gingivitis, which consists of inflammation and infection of the organs that support dentures, i.e. gums, alveolos and even periodontal ligaments.

As stated by dental professionals, Gingivitis is the product of bacteria found in dental plaque, which begins to harden and accumulate in the form of tartar between the teeth and gums, causing inflammation in the dental infection of these.

Considered a periodontal disease, Gingivitis is characterized by very red and swollen gums, bleeding to brush and even the presence of mouth ulcers, which can appear on the gums, however it usually does not cause any pain in patient.

Its main consequence is the loss of dental parts, which directly affects the patient’s diet, as well as their appearance, making the patient live a moment of social isolation, because he may be reluctant to laugh or socialize with others, due to the to the lack of some or all teeth.

The most appropriate way to avoid or fight this disease is to have good oral hygiene habits, as well as to visit the dentist periodically, so that the dentist removes the traces of plaque that can accumulate between our teeth and gums, producing this chronic condition.


We also find within the most common oral diseases, Halitosis, which consists of an unpleasant smell coming from our mouth, which is popularly known as bad breath. It is considered – according to statistical data – that at least fifty per cent of the world’s population suffers from this condition, which in other words would reflect that one in two people has been or is affected by this condition.

According to medical texts, Halitosis can have two origins: oral, mostly produced by the accumulation and decomposition of bacteria, forming of the oral bacterial plaque, on the tongue. Although also the bad smell can be caused by cavities, gum infections, smoking, among other situations.

On the other hand there is extraoral Halitosis, which is usually caused by systemic disorders, such as respiratory tract infections or even stomach or liver diseases, however doctors consider that these cases are hardly account for ten per cent of the causes of halitosis.

The biggest consequence of this disease – beyond being an important symptom of poor oral hygiene – is social isolation, as almost no one enjoys having a conversation with someone who issues bad smells every time he speaks.

The worst thing is that sometimes the patient is not aware of the bad breath that he possesses, so it is recommended that whenever there is doubt of the quality of our breath proceed to give a small lick by the back of our wrist and wait a few seconds before smelling, this will immediately reveal to us the smell that comes out of our mouth.


Considered also one of the most common oral conditions, the Caries directly attack and destroy the enamel of the teeth, even – if their advance is not stopped by a dentist – to the nerve of the dental piece, producing his death and fall.

This disease is mainly caused by the acids secreted by the bacteria that make up the bacterial plaque of our mouth, so the best way to prevent them is to maintain a proper brushing, as well as periodically visit the dentist.

Cavities over time can cause the fall of dental parts, which will result in direct conditions to our diet, as well as to our social performance.

Oral thrush

Also known as thrush edorical stomatitis, it is an oral infection caused by an alteration in the bacterial flora of the mucosa of the mouth, which produces the uncontrolled multiplication of the fungus Candida, which normally lives in the mucous membranes of the body, but that by a change in the chemistry of this, which alters the existence of bacteria that usually keep it at bay, can grow uncontrollably generating this infection.

Candidiasis oral is characterized by the appearance, around the mouth or even on the tongue of small white posttulas, which some associate with the appearance of cotton, under which there are also small reddish formations, which also they can bleed easily.

The presence of Candidiasis is usually symptomatic of other conditions such as weakening of the immune system, diabetes, AIDS, cancer, etc. In very severe cases it can even expand into the lungs.

Image source: iasdex.org

Examples of oral diseases and dental health
Source: Education  
September 18, 2019

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