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George Washington (Westmoreland, Virginia [British American territory] on February 22, 1732 – Mount Vernon, Virginia, United States, on December 14, 1799).
Military and Political Leader, elected as First President of the United States and Commander-in-Chief of the Revolutionary Continental Army, who was victorious in the War of Independence of this country, which is why he is considered the Father of the Fatherland American. Likewise, along with other those, including Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson, he is listed as one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
He was born on February 22, 1732, in a village called Bridges Creek, located in Westmoreland County, Virginia, which at the time was colonial territory of British America. He was the firstborn of Augustine Washington – owner of land and slaves – and his second wife Mary Ball Washington.
His father died when he was just eleven years old. Since then, he lived with his mother and was taken over by his half-brother Lawrence Washington. Very little is known about his childhood.
In 1748, at the age of 16, he had been trained as a surveyor. In 1749, he was officially appointed as the First Agrimensor of the novel county of Culpeper. In 1752 he began his military career, under the position of Major, being appointed assistant general of the Virginia militia.
Indigenous Franco War
In 1753, Virginia Governor Robert Dinwiddie appointed Washington to bring French Canadians an ultimatum to halt their advance on Ohio. The message was dismissed by France, taking the road to the confrontation with England.
In 1754, George Washington was appointed lieutenant colonel and entrusted with an expedition to Fort Duquesne, in order to expel the French-Canadians. Along with the indigenous people commanded by Tanachirison, Washington troops managed to capture 30 men from the French side during the Battle of Jumonville Glen, giving rise to the Franco-indigenous War.
Later, however, during the Battle of Great Meadows, the French managed to defeat Washington troops, apprehending him and having him sign a french declaration, where he assumed to have murdered the leader of the French.
He returned to Virginia, which was in the hands of the French, and although he was cleared of his guilt, he resigned from the militia. In 1758, he joined british troops, arriving on the territory in 1755, forcing the French to finally leave Fort Duquesne. Earned the victory, George married Martha Custis and moved to Mount Vernon.
In 1758, Washington began his political career, being elected as Frederick County representative. Later, from 1760 to 1774 he served as a fairfax county judge. In 1763 he opposed the tax placed on printed materials, known as the Law of the Stamp. In 1760 he supported the law prohibiting the importation of goods.
In 1744 he joined the Continental Congress, in which the representatives of the 13 colonies converged in order to unite against certain British laws. In 1774 he led the meeting that decided to adopt the Continental Association of not allowing the importation of British goods.
They also decided to create militias bordered by each county, which were not under the control of any British governor, giving way to the Continental Army, which would later fight the British, for the independence of the colonies.
Colonist Slam Revolution
After the first battles of the Revolution in Lexington and Concord, Washington was elected in 1775 by the Second Continental Congress as Commander-in-Chief of all Continental Army Forces, a position he held from June 15, 1775 until 23 December 1783.
Also, when in 1778, France decided to join the revolutionary settlers against England, George Washington assumed command from the Allied troops who fought for The Independence of the United States, finally obtained on October 17, 1781, then of Yorktown’s surrender.
After the victory, Washington returned to Mont Vernon. After the Federal Convention, held in 1787, where the new United States Constitution, in which his signature is located, was ratified, George Washington was unanimously elected as the first President of the United States.
On April 30, 1789, he was sworn in, becoming the first representative of the new country, one of his first actions being the accession of the Bill of Rights to the Constitution.
During his tenure the presidential cabinet began to be made up of the departments of State, Treasury and War, a Federal Justice System was established, the money raised by taxes was earmarked to pay the debt originated by the Revolutionary War , a central bank was established and its own monetary system was created, as well as an internal tax on goods.
During his tenure, the United States grew from a confederation of eleven to sixteen states. He was supported both in his territory and outside, being recognized as a great leader.
In 1792, despite his desire to retire, he was elected to a second term, which was based mainly on his international policy, whose most notable event was not having taken sides in the face of the conflict between France and Great Britain in 1793.
He died on 14 December 1799, in Mount Vernon, where he lived since the end of his second term, in 1797, although he never completely abandoned his duties as a public servant. In his honor, the United States Congress decided to erect a marble monument in his honor, which was completed in 1884, as a tribute to one of history’s most influential military and political leaders.
Image source: themedicalbag.com
July 27, 2019