Jesus of Nazareth biography

Jesus of Nazareth, Christ or Jesus Christ (Belén, Judea between 2 and 6 BC – Jerusalem, 33 A.D.). Religious leader and prophet, considered one of the most influential men in history. His followers point to him as the founder of Christianity, one of the three greatest religions in the world, and the incarnation in god’s land.

Of his life, in a historical sense, little is known. It is known only through the biblical documents, known as canonical gospels, written by Luke, Matthew, Mark, and John, which are not proper biographies.

He didn’t leave any documents written. Details about his physiognomy are also not known, despite being one of the most represented people in paintings, drawings and sculptures. The West divides its history according to the time of its birth, locating events before and after Christ.

Early years

According to some researchers, Jesus had to be born between years 2 and 6 BC in the city of Bethlehem, Judea, that is, a few years before the time indicated in principle. The Gospels indicate that his mother was a virgin named Mary, engaged to a carpenter named Joseph. However, for Christians, Jesus is the product of the immaculate conception. In a human sense, it belongs to the house of King David.

Matthew places the birth of Jesus, the Christ, in the age of Herod the Great, who, upon being warned of the arrival of a leader who would threaten his reign, ordered the slaughter of all children under the age of two. God alerted Joseph, through one of his angels. They fled to Egypt, where they remained until Herod’s death.

Little is known of his childhood. Luke recounts how at age 12, Jesus separated from his parents during a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. He was found in the temple discussing the scriptures. However, it is the only reference. It is known that as an adult he was engaged in carpentry. His public life began at the age of 30, after being baptized by John, the Baptist, who proclaimed him the Son of God.

The beginning of his mission

After this, Jesus Christ retreated to meditate in the wilderness, where the gospels narrate that Satan was presented to him, to tempt him. He resisted the three temptations offered. On his return, he devoted himself to traveling through several villages, getting his first disciples. His first miracle occurred in Cana, where Jesus attended a wedding with his mother. In the midst of the celebration, the wine is over. His mother asked him for help. After the first refusal, Jesus asked to be brought containers filled with water. According to this biblical chapter, he turned water into wine.

The Sermon on the Mountain

He began to preach his teachings. The Bible speaks of the use of parables and the realization of various miracles, which caused many to follow. In one of these meetings, Jesus proclaimed his “Beatitudes”, reflections on humility and love. Christians know this discourse as the Sermon on the Mountain. They began to call him Messiah, a figure announced in the Jewish scriptures, who would come to save God’s people.

Entrance to Jerusalem

A week before Passover, 33, Jesus Christ came to Jerusalem. People took to the streets to praise him with palm leaves, a circumstance that serves as the basis for the Christian tradition of Palm Sunday, a date that commemorates Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem.

During his stay, he resurrected Lazarus and publicly announced the destruction of the Temple, which he would rebuild in three days, the theologians believe he was referring to himself, not the Temple, as the priests believed, who decided to devise a plan to apprehend him. They agreed with one of his disciples to give the surrender. Christian history notes that the price of Judas was 30 pieces of silver.

The Last Supper

Gathered for the Passover dinner, Jesus announced to his disciples what was to come. This moment of the evangelicals is crucial for the greatest Christian rite, for by breaking bread and sharing the wine, Jesus institutes the sacrament of the Eucharist, through which man incorporates God himself.

He then goes with his disciples to the Garden of Gethsemane. The Gospels give an account of his human anguish in the face of what he knows, asking God to turn away “that bitter chalice” from him. A group of soldiers, led by Judas, came to apprehend him. His disciples tried to defend him, but Jesus prevented him, giving himself up.

Judgment and cruxification

He was brought before Pontius Pilate, governor of Judea, accused of proclaiming himself the “King of the Jews”. Pilate sent it to King Herod, who returned it to him. Finding no fault, he resisted judging him. The priests pressured him by reminding him that declaring himself king was going against the emperor. Pilate washed his hands in public, saving himself from all responsibility and ordered the crucifixion.

He was beaten and humiliated, a crown of thorns was placed on his head and on his cross, in a mocking tone, a sign was placed that said INRI (King of the Jews). At the time of his death, the Gospels say the sky darkened and an earthquake cracked the facade of the temple. His body was taken to a tomb, unable to lend him funeral rites, as it was already Friday afternoon, the beginning of the Jewish day of rest.


On Sunday morning, some women came to the grave to prepare the body, but found it empty. The gospels tell that Jesus Christ was resurrected and appeared to his disciples, instilling courage in them and calling them to preach His word. Forty days later, on the Mount of Olives, he announced the coming of the Holy Spirit and ascended to heaven.

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Jesus of Nazareth biography
Source: Education  
July 14, 2019

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