Joan of Arc Biography

Joan of Arc, Jeanne d’Arc, in fracés (Domrémy, France, 6 January 1412 – Rouen, France, 30 May 1431).

Saint Catholic and heroine of French origin, who participated as a warrior in some of the battles of the Hundred Years’ War, war conflict that occurred between the dolphin Charles of France and Henry VI of England for the crown of France. According to her own testimony, Joan had several divine visions, where she was ordered to lead the French army to Orleans.

After several tests, the dolphin Charles believed in her, and allowed her to lead his troops to this city, where France won a hard-hitting victory, among others that allowed Charles’ coronation, such as Charles VII of France.

However, some time later, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians, abandoned by France and executed by the English, under the charge of heresy. Centuries later, her figure was vindicated, being today a symbol of value.

Early life

Joan of Arc was born on 6 January 1412, in Demrémy, France, becoming one of five children of Jacques Darc and his wife Isabelle Romée. She had a happy childhood, where despite not learning to read and write, she received a solid religious background.

At the age of thirteen, the young Joan began to have sensory experiences, which she identified with mystical experiences. Over time, the messages – in principle, confusing and unknown – began to take shape.

In this sense, Juana managed to identify the voices that spoke to her with those corresponding to Saint Catherine of Alexandria and St. Margaret of Antioch, as well as the male voice with that of the Archangel San Gabriel. Likewise, according to Joan’s own testimony, these voices ordered her to lead the army of France towards Orleans, in order to lift the fence in this city, achieve the coronation of the dolphin Charles and expel the English.

Start of your mission

Determined to fulfill her mission, in 1428, she traveled to Vaucouleurs, in order to meet with Commander Roberto de Baudricourt, to help her have an audience with the dolphin Carlos, where she could tell her the message received by her. In principle this commander of the royalist forces did nothing but mock the young woman.

However, the fulfillment of a prediction made by Joan, where the English besieged Orleans, putting France in check, and even forcing the dolphin Charles to flee and take refuge in Chinon, convinced Roberto de Baudricourt definitively of the veracity of this peasant girl, helping her then to get to the French nobleman.

In 1429, Joan of Arc was finally taken to court, so that she could interview with the dolphin Carlos. However, he subjected her to a trial, placing an imposter on the throne, and confusing himself among the members of the court.

According to tradition, Juan de Arcodemonstrating before the present her apparent supernatural connection. , who didn´t know the sovereign, was able to realize the false identity of the one who usurped the dolphin post, while discovering the real Charles, After this test, of the conversation with Juana, and of submitting the fact to the opinion of several theologians of his court, dolphin Carlos decided to believe in her.

Warrior of France

On 8 May 1429, Joan of Arc departed in charge of five thousand men of the French Army, bound for Orleans, where she managed to defeat the English and lift the siege of this city. After this victory, Juana continued a series of campaigns in which she won, opening the way for the dolphin Carlos to reach Reims, in order to be crowned.

Finally, on 17 July 1429, the dolphin Charles received the Crown, in the cathedral of Reims, as Charles VII, King of France. Joan of Arc had fulfilled her mission, had conquered the English, and had attained the coronation of her king.

Some historical sources claim that after the coronation of Charles VII, Joan stopped hearing the voices that guided her, so she believed the time had come to return home. However, his troops asked her to stay, so she continued to fight until her capture.

However, other historians point out that, in fact, from the coronation of Charles VII, relations between the sovereign and this heroine began to go in different places, and while the King wanted to reach a peace agreement, Joan of Arc was convinced of that the struggle for the ultimate expulsion of France’s enemy armies should continue.

Capture and execution

Whatever it was, the truth is that after the coronation of Charles VII, Joan of Arc continued to fight with the help of this King, who sent her less and less inputs. In addition, her path was suddenly filled with a series of defeats. Finally, on 24 May 1430, after the siege of Compiagne, she was captured.

After passing through several places of seclusion, Joan of Arc was delivered by the Burgundians to the English. Similarly, several historical sources point out that King Calos VII, who had been anointed thanks to the intervention of Joan of Arc, didn´t want to do anything for his release, although there are also historians who claim in his defense that simply this monarch could not do nothing.

After a long trial, where Joan of Arc was accused of heresy and dressing as a man – and notwithstanding her retraction and subsequent return to her original version, where she reaffirmed her beliefs in her experience catalogued by her as a mystic – she was condemned finally at the stake, where he died on 30 May 1431, at the age of nineteen.

Four centuries later, Pope Benedict XV declared her Saint. Its date is celebrated by the Catholic Church on May 30.

About the picture: Fragment, stained glass window located in the Cathedral of Leicester, England. Source:

Joan of Arc Biography
Source: Education  
August 14, 2019

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