Reflection on the First World War

When we talk about a war, we can only talk about dire consequences, both social, economic and environmental. The First World War marked the beginning and end of a momentous season in the world and began the great change in the 20th century, where both world wars presented.

As always favored the same international elite

This First War involved the overspending of both material and human resources, which is why the Allied Countries won the war, as they had a good capacity to mobilize men and raw materials.

They were the first attempts at liberalism and globalization, and thus, these Allies supported the gigantic governments, which covered more than 70% of the world’s population and more than 60% of GDP. By contrast, small central governments, with their limited resources, were at total disadvantage.

So with only the number of inhabitants of the United States, France and Britain, all those central empires were surpassed. The economy of these three allied powers quadrupled the small ones. All, except France, benefited greatly in economic matters during the conflagration. About $300 billion cost the world this appalling conflict, but nothing compared to the fatalities and damage to nature.

Millions of human lives were the biggest cost of war

It is estimated that about 10’000.000 people and 25’000.000  injuries were eventually resulted from this conflict where large-caliber guns, chemical weapons, machine guns, submarines, tanks and a variety of vehicles, produced by advances in science, were used.

If we added up all the numbers of dead and wounded from all the wars that unraveled in the 19th century, they wouldn’t even reach the numbers to resemble the outrageous amount of the single World War I. To complete at the same time, European humanity was attacked with the “Spanish flu”.

In the nations that were most engaged in war, adult deaths became so high that for example France was 7.2% of the population; Germany, 6.3%. Turkey and Bulgaria, 6.8%; if these were the alarming death tolls, material loss and infrastructure were worse, because about 3.5% of those in Europe until that year, 1914 were destroyed.

General conclusions

It is quite difficult to accurately calculate the economic costs of this First World War; but what is clear is that in all history, this was the beginning of the most abrupt change that humanity has ever suffered, which we have called development, modernism or progress, but which was literally literally the beginning of the beginning of the end of today’s civilization.

Although the first mass media outlets such as Radio began to use their powerful influence in the collective psyche, the people of many nations protested against the war, in major strikes and demonstrations as in 1916 in Britain or the impressive military riots in France, among others.

Two events of tremendous relevance marked the final fate of World War I: American meddling in the war and the bloody Soviet revolution in Russia.



Reflection on the First World War
Source: Education  
July 7, 2019

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