Football is one of the most practiced sports in the world and every day it brings together thousands of fans around the world. It is practiced by two sets of eleven players each one whose goal is to score goal in the arch of the opposing team.
The dynamics of the game
All you need to play is a ball and two goals that can be marked on the ground with chalk or lime; And for those who want it and can afford it, sportswear such as T-shirts, shorts, socks and football boots. One can even play with barefoot but, of course, amateur and non-professional level, where it is obligatory to have sufficient endowment.
This simplicity is the reason for the popularity of the game. Because the contacts are not as violent as in other types of football and a round ball is easier to control than an oval, the game can be practiced even the youngest.
History of Football
The most remote background of the game can be located around the year 200 BC during the Han dynasty in China. His game was called Tsu Chu (tsu means about ‘ kicking ‘ and Chu denotes a ball made of stuffed leather). Even the Chinese emperors took part in the game. The Greeks and Romans had a wide variety of ball games (such as the Episkuros and the harpastum) and some would probably be as much to play with their hands as with their feet.
In the 7TH century the Japanese had a form of football called Kemari. In the 14TH century, a game called calcium (calcium Giuoco, ‘ kick Game ‘) was played in Florence, which was used for teams of 27 players with six umpires. This game allowed to use both hands and feet.
Football in the Middle Ages
It is not until the 12TH century that there are evidences of some kind of football practiced in England. In the Middle Ages they met several types. It was basically a football that took place between factions or rival groups in towns and cities and also between towns and parishes. They took part a lot of players and the goals could be separated more than a kilometer.
These games, which were often violent and dangerous, were associated especially with carnival and were called Carnival football. Some of these games survived in England until well into the TWENTIETH century. A succession of royal edicts of English kings led to the suppression of football. In fact, these games flourished during the Tudor and Stuart periods.
Oliver Cromwell tried to brake them, but with the restoration and reign of Charles II they were soon rehabilitated. In the EIGHTEENTH century it was popular in the English public schools but still comprised many players per side. A few public schools developed a more organized form that has survived in Eton (Eton Wall Game, Eton field game), Harrow (Harrow football) and Winchester (Winchester football).
Road to Regulation
In 1846, the first serious attempt was made to establish a regulation. He was promoted by H. de Winton and J.C. Thring at the University of Cambridge, who prepared a meeting between representatives of the most important public schools to try to create a standardized set of rules. They reached an agreement and formulated ten, known as ‘ The rules of Cambridge ‘ and that Thring described as ‘ the simple game ‘.
In 1855 was founded the Sheffield football Club, the oldest club in the world, and in 1862 began to exist Notts County, the oldest league club in the world. In October 1863 Football Association (FA) was founded in the Freemasons Tavern, in London’s Great Queen Street. The idea of a Soccer Cup association was the secretary of the FA Charles Aldick, who proposed his plans at a meeting attended by twelve clubs in October 1871.
Fifteen clubs participated in the first competition in 1872, which was won by the Wanderers, who beat the Royal engineers. Up to 1892 almost all the finals were held in Kennington Oval, London, which is best known for cricket. Up to 1883 all the winners were amateur clubs.
The Wanderers won six times; The Old Etonians won twice and were seconds on six occasions. Also in 1872 was held the first international match (between England and Scotland), and in 1878 was held the first game with electric light.
Road to professional football
At the end of the decade of 1870 began a long and sometimes scathing dispute about the pros and cons of professionalism and whether or not players should be paid with money as compensation for lost wages when taking part in a party. In 1885, professionalism was finally legalized, but the discussion continued for years and affected other countries. Another important event was the creation of the Football League in 1888; It became a model for other countries that subsequently imitated it.
This adoption quickly developed in Europe and many other parts of the world at the end of the NINETEENTH century. British soldiers, as well as sailors, colony officials, businessmen, engineers and teachers exported the game throughout the world, as they did with cricket and other games and sports. The pattern was the same. They would show a ball, start playing and then invite the locals to join.
In Vienna there was a large British colony that was responsible for the creation of the first Vienna Football club and the Vienna football and cricket Club, from which FK from Austria derived. The Austrian Hugo MEISL, a member of the Vienna Cricket Club and secretary of the FA of Austria (founded in 1904), had a great influence on the development of football in Europe and was the main driver of the Cup Mitropa (the prototype of European club modern events s) and the Nations Cup competitions.
Denmark was another European country that started playing the game soon. In 1879 there was an English football club in Copenhagen and the Danish FA was founded in 1889. English residents in Italy founded the Genoa football and cricket Club, and the Genoa (1892) is the oldest club in the Italian league; The Italian FA was created in 1898.
In Hungary the game began in the decade of 1890 (the FA was founded in 1901) and in the first Hungarian team there were two English players. In Germany and Holland the game rooteded towards 1900 (when the German FA was founded). Towards 1908 there were 96 Dutch clubs. The Dutch FA was founded in 1889. In 1887 two English owners of spinning mills, the Charnock brothers, introduced football in Russia near Moscow. At the end of the decade of 1890 the Moscow League was working.
At the beginning of the TWENTIETH century the game was spread throughout Europe and most of the countries had formed their Football Association: Belgium (1885), Czechoslovakia (1901), Finland (1907), Luxembourg (1908), Norway (1902), Portugal (1941), Romania (1908), Spain ( 1913), Sweden (1904) and Switzerland (1895).
In this way we reached the consolidation of football today, regulated worldwide by FIFA, and it divides tournaments in confederations, as well:
AFC: Asian Cup (Asian countries except Israel and Kazakhstan; plus Australia, Northern Mariana Islands, Guam and Palau).
CAF: African Cup of Nations (African countries).
CONCACAF: CONCACAF Cup (North America, Central America, Caribbean islands and South American nations of Guyana and Suriname).
CONMEBOL: Copa America (Countries of South America, except Guyana and Suriname, plus two guests).
OFC: Cup of nations (countries of Oceania except Australia, Northern Mariana Islands, Guam and Palau).
UEFA: Euro (European countries, Israel and Kazakhstan).
Apart from that, in Confederation there is a regulation and in each country there is an authority that is in coordination with FIFA. The latter is also in charge of carrying out the FIFA World Cup every four years, having as headquarters a different country.
Adapted from: taringa.net
June 10, 2019
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