In the previous article, we saw the types of arguments. However, any argumentation can oppose a counter-argument, just as any thesis can oppose an antithesis. And it is that, in fact, the counter argument is a more demanding argumentative form than the previous ones, since it consists of exposing an idea to invalidate the contrary arguments taking into account possible weaknesses of the other or the concessions that the author himself has admitted.
Characteristics of the counter argument
The counter argument must be characterized by the sharpness and wit to understand the position of the other, for this you have the following principles.
Principles of counter argumentation
It demands a clear position. This is so since it confronts two perspectives of the same subject demanding extreme precision, that is, having clarity of both positions and defining one’s opinion.
It requires an orderly exposition of ideas. This principle of the previous one is deduced since the arguments are identified, choosing a logical and simple order to avoid entanglements or confusion; the order varies according to the speakers or writers.
It must have a rigorous coherence. The arguments and counterarguments must have an orderly relationship, without forgetting that the main objective is to convince with “attacks” right or solid.
A conclusion must be made. If it is clear that one or several other people’s ideas are in conflict with their own, a synthesis should be organized with agility in which it evidences one’s own opinion.
The purpose must be stated. Sometimes it is made explicit, it could also be shown as implicit, where the listener or reader infers or deduces.
June 13, 2019