William Shakespeare (23 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was 1616.
Writer, Poet and Playwright, known as the greatest creator of dramatic works of all time and the National Poet of England, was the author of several plays, including Comedies, Tragicomedias and Tragedies, where they manage to express themselves the full range of emotions and conflicts inherent in the human condition, thus becoming a universal work, read, admired and taken as a point of reference throughout the world, since the nineteenth century.
Family life and marriage
Little is known about its historical life. Beyond certain legal records, little is known of the facts that shaped its existence. According to records from the Holy Church of the Trinity in Stratford-upon-Avon, Willian Shakespeare was baptized on April 26, 1564, so investigators believe he was born the three days earlier, on April 23, 1564, a date considered by his biographers as his Birthday.
His father was Jhon Shakerpeare, a glove manufacturer, who had served as a sheriff, and had married Mary Arden, heiress to landowners. William was the third of six siblings. His family was arguably of good economic standing, but the Shakespeareers’ fortunebegan began to decline markedly towards the end of 1570.
It is also not known which institution he studied at. Some historians believe that because he was the son of a public official, he may have attended the King’s New School in Stratford for free. The next event he has a record of in his life is that of his marriage to Anne Hathaway, whom he married on 28 November 1582.
According to some historians, Anne, seven years older than Willian, who was just 18, was pregnant. At six months they had a girl who was christened Susana. Two years later, they became parents to twins Hamnet and Judith, however their son died at the age of 11, from unknown causes.
From 1585 to 1592, the years known to historians as “The Lost Years” take place in his life, where there is no record of facts of his life. He is thought to have arrived in London in late 1580, where he managed to get work as an assistant in some of the most prestigious theatres.
The years in London
In 1592, Shakespeare had achieved a respectable position as an actor and playwright, having in his own several works produced, a fact that seems to be evident in an article published by a playwright of the time, named Robert Greene, who in 1592 called him ” arribista crow” referring to the author’s rapid rise in the world of London Theatre.
Shakespeare was also a partner in Mr. Chamberlain’s company, christened during the reign of James I as the King’s Company, whose actors include the famous Richard Burbage, and who during the years 1593 and 1594 acquired partitions in the theaters Blackfriars and Globe, on the banks of the Tamesis River.
The record of his first works appears in 1594, which was extremely prolific, managing to produce at least two works a year, until 1611. The proceeds from his work had made him a small fortune. In 1596, his father acquired a coat of arms, which is suspected to have been financed by William. In 1597, he acquired a luxurious house in Stratford, in order to procure a home for his family.
His first published works were the poems Venus and Adonis in 1593 and The Rape of Lucretia in 1594, which he dedicated to the Count of Southampton, Henry Wriothesley. His first dramas date back to the 1590s, including Richard III, Henry VI and Henry V.
From this same time date his comedies The Ingenious Romance, The Dream of a Summer Night, The Merchant of Venice, Much Noise Few Nuts, Night of Kings and As You Like It. Also, works such as La Comedia de los Equivocaciones, La Fierecilla Domada and the Hidalgos of Verona, would also have been written before 1600.
In the early 17th century, Shakespeare would write his great tragedies Hamlet, The King Lear, Othello and Macbeth. Finally, he wrote the tragic media Cimbelino, The Winter Tale and The Tempest.
Shakespeare spent his last five years at his home in Startford, to which he had retired in a kind of retirement. He was buried on 25 April 1616, so his biographers consider him to die on his birthday on 23 April 1616, at the age of 52. In 1623 the first edition of the total of his 37 works was published, which is known as El Primer Folio. However, it was not until the 19th century that he began to be considered a master of dramaturgy.
Today his work is admired in all latitudes. His creations have been represented in all the languages and scenarios of the world, being considered by literary theorists as the most universal Anglo-Saxon author of the last 400 years, who managed to capture in his pages the emotions and human situations, being able to write tragedies in the early 17th century, when it was believed to be a genus typical of the ancient Greeks.
For this reason he also listed as the father of Dramaturgy, of modern tragedy and one of the most influential writers in history.
Image source: abc.es
July 28, 2019