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The broadcast of Saved (The Sixth) on Jánovas has unveiled the terrible story behind this dam failed. Riano something similar happened: interests, threats, evictions and finally the swamp. A work that left underwater nine towns in the province of Leon.
Since childhood I heard a song that clouded the eyes of those who sang. “ I sing my little land, a land of my birth and my land but not there, I’ve been here in my being “. Thus began a letter that reflected the story of a tragedy. As narrated today in the Salvados (Sixth) about the failed Jánovas reservoir in Huesca. A work that made threats, demonstrations, dark interests and forced evictions in the Aragon region. Similar to those that occurred with the construction of the dam of Riano in Lion, however, it was completed stories.
The waters of the Esla and Yuso rivers flooded nine villages located the foothills of the Picos de Europa . Anciles, ESCARO, Huelde, Pedrosa del Rey, La Puerta, Riano, left and part of Buron and Vegacerneja today lie beneath the reservoir. During the summer when the water level drops, still they are the remains of some houses and churches observed. Spooky are witnessing the recuerdos more than 10,000 people had to abandon the December 31, 1987, date on which the dam is closed.
A valley drowned
The project Riaño was actually born in the early twentieth century, with the development of Plan General irrigation and swamps in 1902. In that document, both as Esla river valley were considered “adequate topographic and hydraulic areas.” The initiative consisted as “reservoir Remolina” a name taken from a village near Riano, and which would appear in the law Gasset 1907 and subsequent plans of 1934. 61 years after that first draft, the Ministry of Works Franco public included the Leon region among its objectives.
The swamp of Riano begun in 1966, although the project from the early century
That was as the construction of the dam began in 1966, budgeted at 300 million pesetas. Funding, as recounted leonine writer Julio Llamazares in El País did not include money for expropaciones, which exceeded 1,600 million pesetas . A huge sum of money to be distributed among the 225,000 pesetas per irrigated land, 100,000 by the bush, 24,000 pesetas per family and 2,000 pesetas per person. In the sixties, some of the locals decided to go to Leon and Palencia. Many others stayed, hoping that the dam will never be completed, as in Janov.
The death of Franco and the arrival of democracy also brought the completion of the dam in 1976. The turbulent times Political Transition away forever paralyze the works were only an oasis in the middle of nowhere. The PSOE government decided to resume the plans for the dam of Riaño under the tutelage of Javier Saenz Cosculluela , Minister of Public Works and Urbanism at the time. The socialist politician came to describe in a speech in Congress href=”http://www.congreso.es/public_oficiales/L3/CONG/DS/CO/CO_056.PDF”> Deputies ” the convenience, necessity, justification and urgency “of the construction of the dam and the subsequent filling of the reservoir. . This, according Cosculluela, “from deep respect for the feelings of all concerned”
Feelings like that are transmitted in the previous photo. Vicente, staff in hand, trying to prevent the passage of the Civil Guard who came to town to evict. Weapons of this octogenarian were simple: a madreñas feet and a wooden stick to avoid eviction. The image, taken by Mauricio Peña ( Chronicle ), became a symbol of the struggle for survival of a valley. But it was not the only one.
To end the protests, the government decided to use the force of explosives and bulldozers and so demolish much of the affected villages
In the eighteen months of protests that passed between 1985 and the final eviction in 1987, many more names staged demonstrations. Like Simon Brown (Mones) Riano neighbor who committed suicide on July 11, 1987. The man endured harassment lived product of oppression by the construction company working on the dam and the obligation to leave what had been their home for a lifetime, and ended by shooting himself in the stomach. The Civil Guard, moments after learning of the death of Pardo, continued carrying rubber bullets against neighbors , while they rebuked them with shouts of “murderers!”
To end the protests and expedite the opening of the swamp of Riano, the government decided to use the force of explosives and machines. Thus they broke down and buried many of the houses of the people then flooded by the waters of the Esla and Yuso. Riano was the scene of a real battle between riot police and local residents, many of them as advanced as that of Vicente ages. The fight became a matter of pride and survival of a valley that refused to drown and forget that meant the reservoir
Constancio, a native of Pedrosa del Rey, described the demolition of the family home using the word” humiliation “. “I was fifteen days crying nonstop,” she recounted the old man could not save reading glasses before the demolition of the houses in the village for six bulldozers. A lifetime buried in rubble. Something similar to what happened in Janov, where the neighbor Toni Garcés asked to Évole: “If you cast to a reservoir, why are there to blow up the house?”
In Leon, the painter Carmen Sopeña he lost an eye and suffered breaks in two ribs due to the blows of the riot. Detentions, house demolitions, crying, people climbing onto rooftops or scaling the wall of the dam and blasting of churches. They are some of the images of those terrible days for the area, in which only buildings like the You fill the paths of noise, seeking oblivion begin their march. Gone are the memories and the beautiful, ancient times without dawn. Houses are destroyed, tronchados trees, debris, without branches. Streets where once children played today are as nothing.
You fill the paths of noise, seeking oblivion begin their march. Gone are the memories and the beautiful, ancient times without dawn. Houses are destroyed, tronchados trees, debris, without branches. Streets where once children played today are as nothing.
As it happened in Janov, as told in Saved , economic interests flew over the construction of the reservoir of Riano. Deputy Ramon Tamames (United Left) referred to the nuclear power Lemóniz during the parliamentary session in which Saenz Cosculluela defended the project. The stoppage of this work directly affected Iberduero , why some felt that the swamp of Riano served to ” offset “to some extent economic losses after the shutdown of the nuclear plant, end Iberduero (now Iberdrola) refused. The Llamazares own recounted it this way in an interview href=”http://cultura.elpais.com/cultura/2015/02/12/babelia/1423751056_461531.html”> Babelia ( El País ) :
The progress is needed but there are many ways to approach it, and in Third World countries is to rough. It is quite possible that today the environmental commission prevented the construction of the Riano. Many people do not know that this was the consideration swamp Iberdrola called on the government of Felipe González in exchange for closing the nuclear power Lemóniz when ETA killed the engineer Ryan and it got very serious.
The hydroelectric production, which began in 1991, was developed initially by the Cantabrian company Viesgo, a subsidiary of the then public Endesa . With the gradual privatization of the company since 1988 and the purchase of E.ON, the presa Riano finally ended in the hands of private funds and Macquarie Infrastructure Wren House. But behind the dam, according Llamazares, they were not South irrigation Leon, Valladolid and Palencia, but rather dark interests as those collected by Saved in the case of Jánovas:
Riano is at the head of Tesla, which is the largest river in Spain of not flow into the sea largest river basin Duero, ie. They would not water the south of the province of Leon, Valladolid and Palencia, that something should be watered, the objective was to ensure the flow for all dams that are along the Douro, which are those that produce electricity. He manipulated people. The most disappointed by Riaño were most in favor had been: the alleged irrigators. Twenty years later not watered.
The suspicions are seeing the results corroborate the swamp. In 1992, Josep Borrell spoke of “economic waste” referring to the dam of Riaño. The initial goal of 83,000 hectares water was not met, according to Minister of Public Works and Transport, Cosculluela successor. Neither has made almost thirty years later, as experts say, only water reservoir irrigates 32,000 hectares It produces a minimum amount of electricity, given the economic investment and social damage. For these reasons, Riaño was included in the World Atlas Environmental Justice, coordinated from the Autonomous University of Barcelona to gather the largest environmental crimes of work history.
The reservoir was described as “economic waste”, and has been listed among the biggest environmental crime in history
Almost three decades after the End Swamp Riano, one wonders whether this works or as of Jánovas collected by Saved had some kind of sense. Today the valley of Riaño is practically dead. The construction of the dam swept land for agriculture and livestock -the main economic activities of the area-and marsh also ended with some of the best fishing preserves that owned the province of Leon. Not forgetting the trauma that led to the people of the region, who suffered firsthand a project which, far from fulfilling its objectives, is raising suspicions by vested economic interests around the dam. Interests against those who could not fight the locals, who were demonstrating with capilotes -flowers typical of the valley as a symbol of resistance.
Platforms like Riano Live trying to recover the memory of a region inundated by water, as it has done Jordi Évole Jánovas tonight. A song memory made by those who still remember those days with sadness and anger.
Throw your sorrows to the wind you hear the lament that breaks your voice. Let those who once forged your ruin contemplate his error. Someone wanted you to die so that others drink your water lands. They razed your pastures without even looking that you testified against. Nobody listened to your complaints, wanted to shut up with false words. But your blood, Riano, runs through your veins and you will not shut up.
November 1, 2015
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