The beauty of a forgotten art: old maps

The beauty of a forgotten art: old maps


The old maps represent much more than the territories represented, as key to the history and worldview over time moments as well as being made with high quality style and materials.

At present the maps are everyday with the use of new technologies and mobile. Send your location has become something ordinary, with great advantages for users. Let’s go a little further back and remember how many times we draw or draw maps in school; maps of our country, continent or the famous world maps.

However, the use of maps in different areas is critical, reliable, more accurate and specialized . All these uses described, and escaping, began long ago, giving way in its evolution, making documents beautiful and interesting interpretations

The science of cartografía has its beginnings many years, even there is an endless debate about which is the first map in history. Probably because the definition of ‘map’ has changed over time , however murals in Anatolia dating from VII are located. C. and Babylonia engraved map of the Sacred City of the XIV-XII. C.

Modern Instruments

At some point in history, compass, quadrant, sextant , modern instruments were made strides advance the accuracy of the maps. Another important technological advance was the press, especially in the time of the introduction of fotomecanografía and lithographs since with these processes, reproduced in greater quantity and accuracy maps that were used for trade, navigation and military purposes .

Whether to define the extension of empires, the newly discovered lands to the Old World, many authors cartographers were forgotten by the reproduction of their maps without being given credit . In later times it became customary yes sign their works and keep your credit. Here are some of the oldest maps are known, to see them in greater detail given to enlarge.

Nautical Chart of the Mediterranean Sea, XIV Century

The oldest artifact in the mapping Library of Congress which, incidentally, has a fantastic heritage in href=”http://blogs.loc.gov/maps/” Wordlds Reveled .

Mediterranean_chart_fourteenth_century2

World Map of Posidonio

It was drawn by cartographers Petrus Bertius & Melchior Tavernier in 1628, some details jurisdiction added by them but is based on the idea of ​​the world of Posidonio between 150 and 160 BC

 7182 Harley ff.58v-59

Tabula Rogeriana, 1154

Also known as Kitab Ruyar was made by the cartographer Al-Idrisi and the system based on the Geografía .

 tabula-Rogerian

World Map of Leonardo da Vinci, 1514

The Universal Man href=”http://hipertextual.com/2014/08/leonardo-da-vinci” made this map of the world based on a projection made by circular arcs, without meridians and parallels, in which the spherical surface of the Earth is divided into eight octants, each flattened in the form of a Reuleaux triangle.

Leonardo_da_Vincis_Mappamundi

Nautical Chart Fernão Vaz Dourado, 1571

The flat letters like this, are maps with scales constant latitudes represented as if the earth was flat. This chart is preserved in the National Archives of Torre do Tombo, Lisbon.

letter-flat-fernao_vaz_dourado_1571-1

Map Kangnido, 1402

author unknown Map showing distances between cities in China and Japan. The geographical knowledge represented on this map are believed to belong to the result of the business connections of the fourteenth century the Mongol Empire. In the western part of the map the names of Marseille and Sevilla are recognized.

GeneralMapOfDistancesAndHistoricCapitals

Hereford World Map, 1300

This world map is a classic representation of map “ TO ” (Orbis Terrarum) common in the Middle Ages and contains a strong theological burden on the available places, in this case Jerusalem is the center of it and this on top.

Hereford_Mappa_Mundi_1300

Maps Piri Reis

Piri Reis was an Ottoman admiral, geographer and cartographer in his works together very valuable information for navigation and trade. His first world map (1513) is the oldest known Turkish atlas and showing the New World; and one of the oldest maps of the United States. In 1528 he published a second map which a fragment is preserved; in Greenland and North America is shown from Labrador and Newfoundland, in northern Florida, Cuba, the Spanish, Jamaica and parts of Central America in the south

 Piri_reis_world_map_01

Second_World_Map_of_Piri_Reis

World Map of Leonhard Euler, 1753

Leonhard Euler was an outstanding mathematician; He was also a physicist, geographer, among many other things that made significant advances in calculus and topology. This map is included in his “Atlas bestehen Geographischer 44 Land-Charten” in the magnetic declination lines of Earth included

Leonhard_Euler_World_Map_AD1760


Hypertext

The beauty of a forgotten art: old maps
Source: english  
January 8, 2016


Next Random post