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That was legalized interracial marriage in the United States, as with many other rights was the result a struggle, that of Loving. This is his story.
USA , a country in which racism and slavery have made history, it’s the same story all over the West in any case, it is not surprising that something so assumed as marriage between people of different Races was not legalized until as late as 1967. year Let me tell you how it happened .
The case of Mildred and Richard Loving
The daughter of an African American and an Indian of the Rappahannock tribe and a descendant of Europeans met when she was eleven, and he, seventeen, in Central Point, a small town of Virginia . She had black skin, and he, white, and in his state, and another fifteen in the United States, considered criminal relations between people of different races: in theirs, namely, governing the Racial Integrity Act , a law passed in 1924 that socially distinguished humans from white and “colored” and prevented mixed sex and marriage . Furthermore, if this were little embarrassing, also he forced sterilization of “crazy idiots, imbeciles and epileptics”. He had been promoted, among others, medical eugenic supremacist
The judge who sentenced the Loving said that racial segregation was a divine decision
Walter Plecker, which lobbied to exclude “white” mulattos and even ordered the exhumation of the dead of “dubious origin” of the “white” cemeteries they were buried elsewhere.
public schools So when Mildred and Richard , so that our players were called were married in 1958 in Washington after she became pregnant at eighteen and went home, the police broke into her room overnight and were arrested : someone anonymous had denounced them to the authorities. The trial judge before whom appeared, Leon M. Bazile , quoted an absurd idea eighteenth anthropologist Johann Blumenbach to sentenciarles: “Almighty God red black yellow Malay created the races white, and, and put them on separate continents. But the interference at their disposal are not cause for such marriages. That separated the races shows that he did not intend to mix. ” And with the support of the segregating law, “by altering cohabit community peace and dignity”, he gave them a choice between leaving the state and not return in twenty-five years or accept the sentence of one year in prison .
From the District of Columbia and tired of not seeing their families, began a legal battle that would change everything for the couples in the same situation. In 1964, Mildred wrote to the Attorney General, who was then Robert Kennedy , brother of President killed a year before as he himself would be four after which advised them to contact The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) , which took over his case .
And after a series of court avatars, the US Supreme Court decided in 1967 that the Racial
US Supreme Court: “The freedom of choice to marry not be restricted by invidious racial discrimination” Integrity Act violated the clause of the Due Process and Equal Protection of the Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution , which it stipulated that “no State [may] deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection “. The judge presiding over the Court, Earl Warren, said that anti-miscegenation laws were enacted to perpetuate white supremacy and “freedom of choice to marry not be restricted by invidious racial discrimination.”
There was a precedent for this ruling in 1948, the California Supreme Court reached the same conclusion, legalizing marriage Hispanic African American Andrea Perez and Sylvester Davis, living in Los Angeles. But what they got the Loving with the help of the ACLU and his lawyer, Bernard S. Cohen (now defends the right to gay marriage ) was that this ruling will affect federally laws across the country .
So, missing sixteen states to eliminate their laws against interracial marriage were forced to do at last. Fourteen had already done between 1948 and 1967, as California; once, before 1887, and Maine; . and nine US territories such as New York, never had such laws
In 2009, a Louisiana judge denied his marriage license to an interracial couple; why we still remember the Loving
However, local judges of Alabama , land of his racial crimes of the Ku Klux Klan at its peak, followed by enforce its own Racial Integrity Act until the government of Richard Nixon stopped them judicially in 1970; and it was not until 2000 that State removed its racist rule of law through a referendum , with an embarrassing 40% of the votes. And I guess the voters of that percentage applaud Keith Bardwell, justice of the peace in Hammond (Louisiana), nothing less than in 2009 denied his marriage license to the white Beth Humphrey and black Terence McKay because, in his experience, ” interracial marriages do not last long “and” doing it for the children. ” This shows that the roots of racism and intolerance are socially profound that the triumph of Mildred and Richard Loving is still alive and remember history, such as remember him every June 12 in the United States during the Loving Day , it is imperative for these end up rotting roots once and for all
June 14, 2015
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