The campaign #ConLaVozBienAlta the State Federation of Lesbians, Gays, Transsexuals and Bisexuals (FELGTB) tries to raise public awareness on homophobia in Spain. What is the reality in our country?
With the passage of equal marriage in 2005, our country became the third in the world in giving the green light to civil unions for same-sex couples after the Netherlands and Belgium. One of the initiators of the law was Pedro Zerolo, who before his death last June showed concern by increasing homophobia in Spain .
Spain is the country with greater acceptance of homosexuality in the world, but homophobia remains
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This behavior defined as “obsessive aversion to homosexuals,” is characteristic of countries like Russia , where acceptance of LGBTI collective is really reduced. The Putin government measures, among which include a law against “gay propaganda” or the removal of parental rights to homosexual parents, are a small sample of homophobic attacks driven by the Russian administration, and reflect what happens in society every day.
What happens in our country? According to the Pew Research Center Spain is the country where there is greater acceptance of homosexuality (88%) in the world . Does that mean there are not homophobic attacks? As Zerolo denounced, such violence remains a reality in our country. history of homosexuality in Spain characterized by the struggle for equality of LGBTI group has now with a new challenge: to raise public awareness to end homophobia
The first step:. denouncing
To that end, the State Federation of Lesbians, Gays, Transsexuals and Bisexuals (FELGTB) has launched the #ConLaVozBienAlta campaign, which aims to encourage victims of homophobia in Spain to denounce such attacks. The video of this initiative also shows that society has to be involved to stop hate crimes based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
What is the situation of homophobia in Spain? FELGTB noted that 57% of the people in the group have ever been insulted by your sexual orientation or gender identity . These verbal attacks do not stay there, but often also become physical violence. According to the report of the Federation, four out of ten people have been assaulted, but only 10% of victims reporting.
Only 10% of victims of homophobic attacks denouncing the facts, so the data is the tip of the iceberg of a more serious reality
FELGTB data collide with the acceptance of homosexuality in our country. But their numbers are consistent with a report from the Consejo General of the Legal Profession in Spain : in 2014 1.285 hate crimes were recorded, most homophobic . Attacks on grounds of sexual orientation of the victim occurred in 513 cases, ahead of racist crimes (475 complaints), targeted to people with disabilities (199), violence on religious grounds (63) or anti-Semitic beliefs (24) .
The disturbing number of cases of homophobia in Spain, according to the report of the FELGTB, could be just the tip of the iceberg of a much harsher reality. According to the Collective of Lesbians, Gays, Transsexuals and Bisexuals of Madrid ( COGAM ), the map of homophobic attacks in our country stretches from one end of the territory, according to an initiative in which They collected violent acts that occurred between 1979 and 2007:
worrying rise in homophobia
These types of attacks can range from physical violence such as bottles at, punching, stoning or insults navajazos- and verbal threats. The most symbolic event occurred on October 6, 1991, when a group of neo-Nazis murdered Sonia Rescalvo in the Parc de la Ciutadella in Barcelona. Six young right-wing kicked to death transsexual woman of 45 years, an act that horrified Catalan society, where he had just awakened the LGBTI collective.
Galicia and Catalonia are the only two regions where with regional laws against homophobia
Twenty years after the crime, homophobia in Spain remains a reality. Last August, a transsexual was assaulted and insulted in the Madrid district of Tetuan . A few days later, another group of neo-Nazis attacked a group of homosexuals in a bar in Alcala de Henares and later, a couple was insulted and beaten near the district of Chueca href=”https://ccaa.elpais.com/ccaa/2015/08/24/madrid/1440434971_263777.html”> . In Asturias, Carla Diaz jumped off a cliff Gijon after being harassed for months to cries of “shell” and “dyke”.
The case of Carla, the young woman he committed suicide at age 14, is especially significant, as many of these homophobic attacks occur in adolescence. According to a study published in the journal Anales Psychology 30% of Spanish students had participated in actions as insulting homophobic . According to research findings, 65% of young homosexuals had ever been verbally abused, 30% had suffered exclusion, 20% and 10% shocks beatings. They are percentages that show that violent attacks adulthood do not happen by chance, even though 76.5% of boys and girls 15 to 29 years accepted the same-sex marriage.
In reality are acts that are repeated almost silently, without a strong political backing to end homophobia in Spain. Just Galicia and Catalunya They have regional laws against such violence. The Penal Code also seen as aggravating the crimes for reasons of “sexual orientation or gender identity,” although there are many who ask for a state law that guarantees the rights of LGBTI people. Last May, coinciding with the International Day Against Homophobia , the Ministry of Health announced the implementation of actions to inform and sensitize society.
Despite the apparent acceptance of homosexuality, homophobia in Spain remains a serious problem which probably we not know their actual size. Initiatives such as the one presented today by the FELGTB is a small step to raise public awareness about this situation, which should also engage politicians to promote new measures that curb.