The flags of Latin America are behind a complex history of seeking independence, identity, the formation and dissolution of unified countries, the integration itself, or lack of this, symbols of indigenous peoples of the continent. This is a brief overview of the long history behind their flags.
The term ‘flag‘ is considered Germanic etymology, the German Franconian bind (loop tape), who passed the Castilian Spanish romance by the French language through the form Flag . The “band” was the banner or flag or emblem of a group of people.
The first banners were made of silk, used in China since 1500 BC
The use of standards goes back to 1,500 BC, used by Chinese emperors. Also he used the Roman Empire. The Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula and the first cross extended their use throughout Europe.
During the colonization of America by countries Europeans, use of the flag of the conqueror country did, but subsequently also instituted flags representing the various Viceroyalties formed in the Americas. In the long journey and historical moments tours Latin American nations to conform as are currently on their banners, big events and important history are locked.
Federal Republic of Central America
1821 Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica were part of this Republic. 1838 sixth State which included the western part of Guatemala and to the Soconusco of Chiapas in Mexico was formed. Its capital was the city of Guatemala, although years later it changed its location a few times.
For 1841 the Republic split after a civil war, however, nations, mostly retained as basis that flag.
La Gran Colombia
By 1819 this country was formed, a project led by Simon Bolivar. Its territory corresponded to the territories of the present republics of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and Venezuela (including Guyana Essequibo) and some areas of Peru, Brazil and Nicaragua. As such there was about a decade, since the end of 1820, the Great Colombia was dissolved because of the great political differences and internal conflicts that shaped regions. Gran Colombia had its own flag, which ensures that the revolutionary Francisco de Miranda thanks to a long night conversation with writer Goethe, author of Theory of Colors. The result was the flag with horizontal stripes that characteristic combination of Latin America: yellow, red and blue, currently used by countries that made up the Great Colombia
United Provinces of the River Plate
This was the name of the triumvirate that supplanted what until then was known as the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. The current territories formed republics Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia and parts of southern Brazil, northern Chile and southeastern Peru, among others. Although the initial intention was to hold together the provinces that formed states and other territories claimed by other countries they were separated.
By 1832, the thirteen provinces were grouped were called the ‘Confederation Argentina’. Argentina Constitution in the name of United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata strong> is one of the officers of the national state, along with the Argentina Republic and Confederation Argentina.
Sol de Mayo
This emblem is present in the current flags of Argentina and Uruguay representing Inti, Inca sun god. In fact the first currency used in the United Provinces of the River Plate had this symbol. It is called “May” by the ‘May Revolution’ during the week 18 to May 25, 1810, a fact that marks the beginning of independence from Spain.
In the case of Mexico, the history of its flag it is also a large armed struggles for political stability after its independence from Spain. Several banners were used throughout these periods, however, there is one in particular that is considered the most ancient history, and in any case where the current flag is three vertical stripes in the colors is derived green, white and red: Flag of Siera (which is accompanying this paragraph) and it was used for political and military Nicolas Bravo. Other tricolor flags were used in later times.
National Shield of the Mexican flag is found present very early in Cologne and it would be used to distinguish this area from other conquered by the Spanish Crown. The “Eagle Mexican” resumes supposedly legend about the foundation of Mexico-Tenochtitlan and it says that God Huitzilopoztli told the Mexican people that came to settle in the place where it was found an eagle perched on a cactus devouring a snake. This is how they settled in the valley of Mexico at the center of Mesoamerica, what is now Mexico.
In this small article, so tremendous subject, missing many countries that insurance provides for integrating other and expand information, although we could see that in national flags always find a long history that gives notice of how much the colors and symbols that represent a territory is locked after .
Phoneia.com (May 8, 2015). What the flags of Latin America say. Recovered from https://phoneia.com/en/what-the-flags-of-latin-america-say/