the treaty on outer space is the basis of what the future could be our space law and lays down the terms on which nations should resolve their problems and live in space.
have you ever you’ve raised to “buy” the name of a star? If you name it, does that mean you’re the owner? When we look at the sky, we rarely stop to think who owns the star we are observing. Still less do we stop to think about the cumbersome “Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies”, also known as outer space Treaty and defines the “largest province of the universe.” From the 67, the law on outer space determines the basic issues governing the space law . Among them there are several basic points that enable safe and responsible use of it. But when we go out there for, what will happen? These are the basics of outer space.
The origins of the treaty on outer space
Let us travel some fifty-odd years ago. In 1967, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States, in the space race booming decide to sign an agreement to settle international basis for andurrear space. Later that same year is born the treaty on outer space. This represents the basic legal framework of international space law. In 2015, 103 countries had signed the agreement, while other 89 estban awaiting ratification . But why do we need a treaty on outer space? As in our small planet inhospitable waters and territories are governed by international treaties, space, since we got put the first living beings in orbit, must contemplate a series of laws that respect us all. What will happen when we start colonizing celestial bodies? Who do you belong resources? What if a country decides to test weapons up there? All these issues are defined in the treaty on outer space. That itself is a treaty still vague and leaves many questions to resolve, according to our beginnings as space travelers.
as mentioned, the outer space of the universe is the largest privincia. A province, a place open for all human beings. This place has everything that is beyond our planetary boundaries. Although there is no clear consensus on where that boundary is located, normally considered the online Kármán as the political boundary of outer space, coinciding with the physical limit. From this line everything, including the moon, the planets of our solar system, asteroids, stars, black holes, clusters, galaxies … all that, does not belong to anyone . No state can claim sovereignty over any celestial body. If you recall, in ’69, Neil Armstrong planted the American flag on the surface of the moon. But that does not mean anything, politically speaking. The United States can not claim the moon as his Wild West style. It was a mere symbol for the nation.
another of the most important points of the treaty on outer space refers to arms. No country has the right to make any kind of war or weapons testing in outer space. You also can not keep nuclear weapons beyond him Kármán line . The space is, by definition, a zone of peace where war has no place any aspect. Moon and other bodies ultraterrestrials only be used for peaceful purposes. Nor they can build fortifications and, of course, powder magazines of any kind.
Minas in space
One of the shortcomings of the treaty on space outer is the lack of information on the commercial exploitation of space. When it was signed, the means and resources for space exploration were not the same as a few years later. International space law currently faces some aspects outdated and obsolete. For example, recently we heard the intention of several countries to exploit asteroids or even Moon . In light of the treaty it is not clear whether this is possible or not, since there is a specific clause that prevents any entity baulk exploration or exploitation to another. But there are no impediments to any operation, including mining . In short, it is an ambiguous aspect to be solved a little later.
the treaty on outer space leaves clear that each nation, each entity is responsible for its actions in outer space. And so is every object that is placed in the sky. Since the sixties, all objects launched into space are registered and numbered. There are some that disappear and become real dangers to the space race. At other times, the human errors are to blame for creating thousands of fragments engrosas hazardous waste lists href=”http://hipertextual.com/2015/09/basura-espacial-barrenderos”> . In all these cases, the perpetrators who launched satellites are generally responsible also to solve the problem. However, sometimes it is really difficult to know who should be responsible for a dangerous and unknown fragment . As we see, is another aspect that needs to be reviewed. In short, no one owns the space. Nor can anyone claim it. However, the further we got in our race to the stars, the more obvious the fact that we need to review the treaty on outer space and all its consequences is
April 19, 2016
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