MAGDALENA TSANIS / EFE
- The finding in Granada in a tin box full of stills from Hollywood actresses of silent films has led to the publication of a book.
- ‘Women Film. Echoes of Hollywood in Spain ‘analyzes the impact they had those “bold” and “liberated” from the Spanish public of the time
- women LIST. 30 female stars of classic Hollywood cinema
The finding in Granada in a tin box full of frames actresses Hollywood silent film is the origin of Women film. Echoes of Hollywood in Spain , a book that analyzes the impact they had those “bold” and “liberated” from the Spanish public of the time women.
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The films correspond to I understood period between 1914 and 1936 , when there were radical changes in Spain-the right of women’s suffrage (1933) or the first divorce law (1932) – although they soon arrived and were abruptly interrupted by the Civil War.
“the book is a claim that in certain respects Spain had flashes of modernity” , said Eugenio Fontaneda, coordinator of the book, published by the Spanish Agency International Cooperation for Development (AECID).
the box in question has a story worthy of the film Cinema Paradiso by Giuseppe Tornatore. His owner was José Romero Sampedro, a passionate child of the seventh art in the 20s started going almost daily to Cine Olimpia of Granada, where his cousin worked as a projectionist. It was his cousin who began give material to the boy , which since childhood showed a collector mentality. The box comes at the hands of Fontaneda, cultural manager and friend of the family, contained more than 300 frames , all first they flat actresses, classified by their names.
” the question I asked myself is how a country so far from US perceived these characters on screen , given the high level of illiteracy had in Spain and the legal inequality of women ” explains Fontaneda.
with that question in the air, commissioned several texts to a number of authors, historians, critics and experts in illustration, fashion and consumption, combined in book with photographs from the collection.
“the conclusion is that in all this time there is a modern class, which is a minority, but there . it is seen in the illustrations of magazines, how the image of a woman traveling, playing sports or driving a Bugatti consumed; images that can crash if you do a thorough analysis of what was the Spanish company study, “says
His film reference. most obvious were the href=”https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flapper” flappers , actresses Anita Stewart, Joan Crawford and Clara Bow , which helped build the first star system and whose characters had fun in jazz clubs, wore short hair, smoked and drank unapologetic and especially freely made their decisions.
the historian Matilde Eiroa recalls that it was during the reign of Alfonso XIII (1874-1885) when the first timid movements occurred for women of their rights, although the first feminist associations were not born until late in the first decade of the twentieth century.
female cultural platforms as Residence of Young ladies (1915) or the Lyceum Club (1926) helped spread the air of renewal and cosmopolitan spirit that led between 1931 and 1936, in the jump women in the public sphere to occupy the most varied positions in companies and industries.
the film expert journalist Moises Rodriguez said that after the First World War across Europe was “colonized” by the American cinema , the flappers as flagship. Clara Bow in This embodies perfectly the “independent, hedonistic and jazz lover” woman.
It was also the time of the first film magazines , focusing especially female stars, and read mostly by women. 95% of advertising carrying was addressed to them
During the Second Republic began arriving in Spain prior to approval productions the Hays Code, self-censorship that studies were imposed from 1934 under pressure from the Church and the Puritans sectors.
in those films, according to Rodriguez, there two prototypes of women , both masters of their destiny and equally revolutionary for the Spain of the time. Some, aggressive and dominant as the Mae West of sexually’m No Angel or Jean Harlow The redhead . Other, even more advanced, “they not brag about their habits but are not ashamed of it,” Norma Shearer in The Divorcee or A Free Soul .
the approval of the Hays Code put order to freedom and female stardom and the question, says the editor and writer Guillermo Balmori, if the Hollywood industry does not follow now captive of the “misogyny” because very few films explore the feminine universe.