How the abolition of the neutrality of the network may put an end to the internet of today

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    the Internet as we know it today may have its days numbered after the Federal Communications Commission of USA (FCC) the deletion of the rule on the net neutrality, championed by the former president Barack Obama, and that guarantees the protection of the internet as a public service.

    The rule, adopted in 2015 and eliminated last Thursday, prevented the companies providing the internet could block or slow traffic on any portal to his whim.

    But, now, the companies that offer internet services could give priority to a platform on the other, regardless of what the content in question, and affect that way to the media or portals that offer movies and tv series, such as Netflix or HBO.

    now The risk is that the large internet providers to exploit their ability to control the flow of information, giving privileges to those portals that are willing to pay for a higher speed, ” says Burt Neuborne, professor of Civil Liberties at the Faculty of Law of the University of New York.

    Change in the business model on the internet

    Neuborne believes that the abolition of the law championed by Obama is “a big risk”, that is heightened by the context of oligopoly in the sector in the united States, where the “wave of mergers” has reduced the number of “players” in the supply of internet and television which can be “combined to fix prices and content,” he explains.

    In this regard, the expert believes that with the internet, as happened with the roads in the NINETEENTH century, has been repeated debate on whether governments should prioritize the equality of opportunities in the access for all citizens or to favor “the powerful” to control the service offering “access privileges”.

    The modification of the business model to companies that integrate the provision of internet access and content in the same structure and the greater power of the firms in the sector are some of the main concerns on the future of the industry, whose companies turned the two rules that would protect net neutrality approved under the Obama administration.

    The same line follows Joan Neal, a professor of Law at the University of Chicago, who states that “the greatest concern” is that the major providers of the internet may be work networks priority service with content platforms, complicating the emergence of new portals in the future.

    The new rule would allow, therefore, that the internet providers to give priority to some of these websites over others by the payment of an amount, which —according to Neal— deterring the emergence of new actors in the sector lack the necessary resources to “buy” that preferential treatment and avoid crashes and slowdowns.

    Neal believes that this possibility, which would reduce the plurality and the amount of online content, not give the night to the morning, but that would be in a long-term future.

    he Emphasizes that “in theory, an internet provider could tell you that it will block all websites video least one with whom you have a special relationship” with the only condition to make it public due to the clause of transparency that maintains the new regulation. The expert warns that it still may take up to two months until it is in effect to this regulation.

    According to remember Neal, the blocking Comcast on BitTorrent in 2007 marked the debate on the need to protect the network, as for the first time an internet provider had control arbitrarily on a website; this was the germ of the first standard that recognized the neutrality in the network in 2010.

    professor of Public Policy at the University of California at Berkeley, Robert Reich, goes even further and believes that the FCC’s decision involves the end of the founding principles of the internet for the exchange of content and ideas and away from the control of corporations, as said in a text to the Institute Sanders.

    Censor content, on the basis of the interests of business —media or webs of opposing ideologies— is another of the future on the that emphasizes Reich.

    Tom Wheeler, chairman of the FCC between 2013 and 2017, sees in the suppression of the standard driven by Obama a victory for the lobbying of the providers of the internet, according to lamented this week in a written submission to the analysis center at Brookings.

    According to the figure, in the united States four giants of the services of the internet are dealt 75% of the residential market, in some areas through local monopolies.

    Tecnología

    How the abolition of the neutrality of the network may put an end to the internet of today
    Source: www.20minutos.es  
    December 20, 2017

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