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José Ignacio Echaniz Salgado (Valladolid, September 14, 1963) is a doctor and Spanish politician Party Popular. He is currently National Secretary of Health and Social PP Affairs on science, innovation and entrepreneurship in Spain.
Spain is one of the largest and most advanced economies in the world . There are many challenges that we have faced as a country in recent years, we have successfully thanks to our effort and smart decisions, and arouse admiration internationally.
Now that Spain leads the economic and employment growth in the European Union and generate one of every two jobs in the eurozone, it is time to move forward with decisions and structural reforms that are the basis of a strategic and orderly transition to the model of advanced economies .
This target passes to base the growth of our country into a knowledge economy, in the chain of R + D + i, which managed to pass the talent in their different stages and concludes with a return, both business and social, in the form of innovations that improve the quality of life of citizens.
Our future depends, therefore, on the joining forces of different actors in R & D + civil i , both public (public research organizations and universities) and private (large companies and entrepreneurs) to forge together a string of solid links.
The economic crisis and science
The Spanish System of Science, Technology and Innovation (SECTI) was not immune to the economic crisis or the situation that faced the Popular Party to come to power in 2011. The increase in unemployment 3.5 million people and the drop in revenues of 90,000 million euros, had also affected the public research funding, which already fell by 30% between 2009 and 2011.
“Public funding for R & D increased to the same extent that came economic growth.” The first reforms introduced by the Popular Party to get Spain out of the crisis they demanded a priority in all areas of activity of public administration. In the field of research, the debts were paid, was endowed with extraordinary credits to the Superior Council for Scientific Research and prioritized within the system to research centers of higher quality and excellence.
The effort All the reform momentum and Government have resulted in an improvement of the economic situation of our country. Today, Spain happened to lead economic growth and job creation in Europe . Therefore, from the first moments when the recovery began also increased steadily public funding for R & D.
As a research policy is not an isolated policy is in relation to the rest of economic and fiscal policy, the forecasts for next year are even better 2016. So that Spain will raise in 2015 180.000 million euros, reaching 2007 levels, it is also good news that will positively impact our research system. The fact is that the State Budget for 2016 significantly increase many budget items. The Ministry of Research, Development and Innovation experiencing a budget increase of 227 million euros (+ 15%) and heading direct aid dedicated to an increase of 11.3% and grants, agencies public research will receive 20.5 million euros, and the Center for Scientific Research and the Institute of Health Carlos III will see their budgets increased by 2% and 1.5% respectively.
One of the priority objectives of the reforms under way, the crisis has been least affected the system’s greatest asset: the researchers. Spain is proud of its scientists and its ability to advance knowledge. In the last two years we have achieved the replacement rate of 100% of the researchers of public research centers and universities, which will allow rejuvenate templates over other groups.
“We walk towards a more flexible system of scientific human resources.” Similarly, have increased support for pre-doctoral researchers, postdoctoral, technological and technical (seats 2,847 in 2015), recovering bonuses contributions to Social Security for researchers and have opted for science diplomacy.
The objectives of the Popular Party in the next legislature have much scope for researchers, as a Charter for Researchers Labor Fijo be regulated to move towards a more flexible system of scientific human resources and to promote the incorporation of young researchers.
In our idea of increase the transformation of knowledge into innovation , we want to ensure compensation of the researchers who obtain patents, to receive at least 50% of the wealth they generate.
Towards a Knowledge Economy
one build a chain of research, development and innovation to generate growth and wealth, the state and public funding is just not necessary. It is necessary that the agents of R + D + i assume the challenge of developing the research results and transform them into real innovations. And to get to that step must be to provide an environment that encourages investment, legal certainty for businesses and economic stability.
independent international observers are concluding years that our country needs to advance structural reforms in our research system. Elements such as the fragmentation of research activities, the different public agents who finance (Central Government and autonomous regions), the low rate of transformation of knowledge gained in basic and preclinical research in real and useful innovation to hit the market, financing Private that is less than 52% (away from the European average is 66%) or quality indicators of our research facilities place us in an intermediate position are the main challenges we face.
“The reforms planned are structural, working in the medium and long term. The Law on Science and Technology in 2011 was the beginning.” Structural reforms and their effects They are achieved in the overnight and need to work in the medium and long term. Some measures began in 2011 with the unanimous adoption of the Law on Science and Technology Popular Party government has begun to develop in this legislature ends. To achieve an essential coordination has created the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy in which the Central Government and all the Autonomous Communities are represented. It was within this organization where consensus is the first Spanish Strategy for Science, Technology and Innovation 2013-2020 and the first National Plan of Scientific Research and Technology Innovation, which set the priorities of the R + D + i in Spain within the framework of the European Union.
We also launched the State Research Agency, which it will be an extremely important tool to get public funding for the investigation of the influence of economic and budgetary cycles, thanks more flexible regulation and a multiannual budget.
For the PP it is essential that public research funding to complete the cycle of knowledge economy , ie to market and that translates into improvements affecting the lives of citizens. That science has social return.
Unlike other political parties that do not generate expectations or legal certainty in the agents of R & D + i, the Popular Party has improved the main indicators economic activity Confidence Indicator Consumer and business confidence indicator.
So in our project we intend to achieve an “Agreement for Science” that provides stability to the sector. Similarly we want to ensure financing and sufienciente exceed 2% of GDP for Science and thanks to future economic growth and fiscal consolidation, to 3%.
Our challenge as a country is involve the whole fabric of R & D as an essential task is to create wealth and opportunities , drawing on the work done by our academic and research institutions, we anchor the future of Spain as a society advanced and the knowledge economy.
This article is part of the stands that have invited Hypertext write to the main political parties and will be posted throughout the day.
December 15, 2015
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