Kodachrome 80 years, the first analog color reel

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    80 years of Kodachrome, the first analog reel colored

    In 1935, Kodak introduced Kodachrome analog film, which allowed for the first time could make color photography using a reel.

    Even though the black and white remains the preferred way of revealing photos for some professionals, in the early nineteenth century trying to get just the opposite: colored image , which does not standardize until 1935, when Kodak created the first film reel with color.

    Although there were earlier experiments, they were very artisanal and ineffective in practice. In fact, the first color photograph is attributed to physical James Clerk Maxwell , which was based on the use of tricomía to attach 3 photos, each with a filter based on the primary colors (red, blue and green)

    ” Tartan Ribbon “the first color photograph by James Clerk Maxwell

    Even Lumière brothers invented a peculiar system called Autochrome plate . The process was very rudimentary, it was a photosensitive plate with grains of potato starch, which were dyed different colors to function as filters in front of a photograph in black and white.

    The first time Kodachrome was named by John Capstaff in 1915, which even came to market a film that combined two negatives were used: green and red, but still very reliable colors still have not showed the reality.

    Finally, be 20 years later when two university scientists, Leopold Godowsky and Leopold Mannes , introduce a negative three layers sensitive to the three primary colors. Thus, the tones were united in a single monochrome image by changing a snapshot of color.


    The process creation would not have been possible without various aids, such as a loan of $ 20,000 granted by Kuhn, Loeb & Co., and the availability of facility Kodak for testing on new product.

    The result was a film reel was the dream of many photographers at the time. Take snapshots full color it was possible before, but never been easier until the arrival of Kodachrome.

    The quality with which the tones were played immediately fell in love with those Fans of photographs. Its success was such that, as told in Gear Patrol , including singer Paul Simon dedicated a song.

    Exactly what the musician praised the negative would therefore be popularized among the public. The colors, now bautizaríamos as vintage , granted certain mystical aura to the scenes, causing instant acquire a challenging characteristics of being imitated even by subsequent manufacturers.

    Many great photographers that have adopted the main Kodachrome film shoot with your camera. An example is the figure of Steve McCurry , who portrayed the famous Afghan girl that became the cover of National Geographic in 1984.

    Also, find the author William Eggleston’s , which also used the film to represent “The Red Ceiling”, an image that, despite its simplicity, is one of the most representative photographer.

    ” Red Ceiling “by William Eggleston’s

    The colors displayed on many famous images have been impossible without specifically using Kodak film, which was completed incorporated as a standard within a large group of fans to the image. They were marketed different variants Kodachrome, whose differences were sensitivity used (ISO 25, 40, 64, 200) or format ( 35mm, 16mm, 8mm, Super 8) that was intended.

    In 2009, Kodak announced the cessation of construction and marketing of Kodachrome

    However, the success of this would eventually run out. In 2009 the company announced Kodak cease construction and marketing Kodachrome, which impressed the fans who, even then, still occasionally using this kind of negative.

    But the measure had enough reasons, the 70% of revenues of the company came from digital sector , and materials needed for manufacturing were more expensive than sales obtained with this product. As occurred with cameras, digital technology with analog finished sweeping, and not because of the quality (at least initially), but by the lower costs for production.

    Even National Geographic made a documentary where, besides telling the story about the creation of negative popular, it also shows how the last reel available it took advantage.

    Still, we can still experience something thanks to the number of presets that exist for programs like Lightroom , allowing emulating the essence of Kodachrome snapshot and assimilate our own movie features.

    The End of Kodachrome not only reflects the conclusion of a consumable, but of an era which leaves way to new products and new possibilities as far as the field of photography terms


    Kodachrome 80 years, the first analog color reel
    Source: www.hipertextual.com  
    March 19, 2015

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