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Mortality in Spain varies by socioeconomic status. INEQ-CITIES The study shows that inequality could be a problem for public health in the European Union
For some time now, much of the research in salud public discussion if mortality can vary according to the socioeconomic conditions of residence. The European study INEQ-CITIES now sheds new light on the influence of income on health . The conclusions are obvious. “To more poverty, the higher the death rate”
The work of the consortium INEQ-CITIES has analyzed the characteristics of 16 European cities, including Madrid and Barcelona included. It assessing the economic conditions of the various districts, it is clear that our place of residence has a decisive role. The mortality rate in Spain as well as other variables such as unemployment and education levels vary depending on where you live.
The south and east of Madrid, hardest hit by unemployment
After London, the Spanish capital is the second largest city in the atlas analyzed INEQ-CITIES. With a population of over 3 million inhabitants, the population density between 2007 and 2009 was 5304.4 people per square kilometer, three times less than that of Barcelona. Moreover, the population over 65 years corresponds to 18.7% of the citizens, two points less than in Barcelona.
By studying the variables that influence the mortality rate is the socioeconomic characteristics of the neighborhood affect the employment rate and educational level . In that sense, the areas south and east of Madrid are the hardest hit by unemployment.
The economic and social disparities in Madrid again show, again, a north-distribution South marked. Living in Puente de Vallecas or in the district of Fuencarral-El Pardo will not be the same as the socio-economic conditions have a direct effect on our level of unemployment and the educational qualification awarded by the population.
Barcelona and west-east axis
In the case of the Catalan city, the socioeconomic distribution follows an east-west pattern. The richest areas of the city, as Sarrià and Sant Gervasi, have an unemployment rate significantly lower than the eastern suburbs. There are also important differences in educational level based on districts, as in Madrid
Unemployment or academic training are not the only differences observed between different districts of Madrid and Barcelona. According to the study INEQ-Cities, socioeconomic conditions directly affect the mortality rate in Spain. There is, however, something perceived only in our country. As explained from the Agencia SINC, “socioeconomic inequalities in mortality for specific causes most studied were detected”.
A more poverty, more death
In analyzing the rate mortality , the distribution also varies depending on the districts. In the case of Madrid, mortality is higher for men and women in the downtown district. However, if segregate data by gender, shows that there is a higher risk for men of the districts of Puente de Vallecas or San Blas. In the case of women, the mortality rate is higher in the outskirts of the Spanish capital.
However, disease-specific mortality is not distributed equally. In the case of Alzheimer , mortality is higher in men and women of the south and east of Madrid. By contrast, more women die from breast cancer in the north of the capital Madrid in the southern districts .
This pattern of risk of mortality from breast cancer also He was in Lisbon and Barcelona. That is, the researchers found that in the case of these tumors, an inverse relationship with deprivation (ie, to greater poverty, lower mortality from this type of cancer) was given.
When evaluating what happened in the case of the respiratory diseases , the findings were similar in Madrid and Barcelona. Men of the most affluent neighborhoods in both cities have lower mortality from these diseases, while a diametrically opposite pattern was observed in the case of women. Female mortality from respiratory diseases is higher in neighborhoods with better socioeconomic conditions, both in Madrid and Barcelona.
The geographical distribution of mortality, as occurs with unemployment and education levels, changes according to the socioeconomic conditions of residence. Although these patterns vary by analyzing disease-specific mortality, the fact is that the data of this research show that there may be a direct relationship between income and the risk of death. A baptized by others as health inequity situation and that affects the quality of life depending on the neighborhood or district in which we dwell
June 23, 2015
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