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on February 15, the International Day against Child Cancer, an initiative remembered in social networks with the campaign # QueLaRisaTeAcompañe.
the name Alexia González-Barros González jumped to the media in 2008 with the premiere of the film Camino . Javier Fesser’s film portrays the life of a girl of fourteen, inspired by the story of Alexia own. His battle with Ewing’s sarcoma that left her paralyzed and influence of Opus Dei were reflected in a work as shocking as controversial.
The character of the film also led to the big screen fighting childhood cancer , a disease that is remembered today in social networks with the hashtag # QueLaRisaTeAcompañe. The initiative, promoted by Juegaterapia , aims to focus on these “little heroes” and their families and friends. Because childhood cancer is “a serious problem in developed countries, although sometimes it does not give it the attention it deserves, because it is hidden in the abundance of their own cancers adulthood and old age,” according to the Spanish Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (SEHOP).
A multifactorial origin unknown
Each year are diagnosed in Spain 1,100 new cases of childhood cancer. This represents an incidence of 155.5 new cases per million children aged between zero and fourteen. But if the cancer is usually associated with aging why tumors develop in younger? During embryonic development, the stage of life where more cell proliferation occurs, “our equipment failures that cause various diseases occur, including these types of tumors,” says Sara Monzon Unit Bioinformatics Carlos III Health Institute.
the tumors in children may occur due to genetic mutations that occur during embryonic development
in addition to the cases of childhood cancer of origin hereditary tumors in children can also occur by genetic errors that occur during the embryonic development . However, the origin of the disease is multifactorial, according to SEHOP, including a mixture of environmental factors (physical, chemical and biological) and genetic factors. But uncertainties about childhood cancer are still great, since epidemiological studies to date have failed to identify specific environmental risks. serious doubts that, despite significant therapeutic advances, demanding more research about these tumors, which account for leading cause of death by disease in childhood and adolescence, from the first year of life . Ignorance, however, has not been an impediment to health care for patients has improved considerably in recent years. A positive trend has also improved survival of children and adolescents affected by these cancers.
As you can see in the above graphic, the treatment of childhood cancer patients in the . Spanish Pediatric Oncology units has increased since the eighties, so that the current coverage is around 93%. The increase has also made survival these tumors grow 23 points, reaching 77% .
The health care of childhood cancer has improved considerably This has led to an increase in survival of patients
the risk of failure is reduced accordingly. According to data SEHOP this risk it reached 23% for the period of diagnosis between 2000 and 2004. These positive figures, however, they have failed to clarify key issues for the time of childhood cancer. Include, among others, questions about the causes of childhood cancer, why a particular child sick with cancer and whether these tumors are due to exposure to a particular agent. Questions, resolved, will help improve the diagnosis and treatment of tumors in children and adolescents, contributing to the fight against childhood cancer.
Leukemia, the most common tumor
The Asociación American Cancer points to the leukemias as the most common childhood cancer, with an incidence reaches 30% of diagnosed cases. This percentage is similar to the figures in Spain, where these tumors of the bone marrow affect 30% of patients, followed by central nervous system tumors (21.5%) or lymphomas (12.9%).
leukemias, tumors of the central nervous system or lymphomas are the childhood cancers most frequent
the launch of Spanish Childhood Tumor Registry (RETI-SEHOP) , promoted by the Spanish Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology , it aims to answer the many questions that remain about childhood cancer. In addition to questions of epidemiological nature, as the number of new cases, the characteristics of tumors or determining the risk of childhood cancer in Spain, the future of cancer research should also determine geographical and temporal factors influencing the onset of these tumors.
Other considerations to consider focus on atención psychological and seguimiento Nutritional smaller. Two also important to ensure a good quality of life for these childhood heroes aspects. . Heroes who are laughing in spite of everything, spreading their joy and their desire to live
February 15, 2016
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