In Literature he is known as Narrator to the voice that tells the events of one or more specific characters, in a specific time and from a certain perspective, being precisely this (also called focus) that tells us what type of Narrator has a work Literary.
That is, the point of view of the narrative voice will tell us what position its owner occupies within the story. In this case, targeting will allow us to distinguish between three types of voices: first-person, second-person or third-person; although Literary Theory states that the most common are first and third person narratives, being quite peculiar to find stories told in the second person.
In this case, we will describe the types of narrators that the narration gives us in First Person or intradiegettic narrator, which some theorists also call “internal narrator”. It points to a narrator who is one of the characters of the work (homodiegetic) and that distances himself from the author, completely differentiating himself from it. In addition to voice, being a character also has action. It also has judgment and opinion on the facts and characters that make up the story. You can only express your own view of events.
However, even though he serves as a narrator, being a character in the play can only narrate his emotions, thoughts and the actions he observes, but he cannot narrate the intentions, thoughts and emotions of other characters, because he has no way of knowing them. Therefore, it can only narrate what you experience.
Within this category you can find at the same time three types of intradiegetic narrators, who although they narrate the story in the first person occupy different places within the work. In this sense, we have the following types:
Narrator protagonist: consisting of a character who tells his own story, being at the same time narrator and protagonist. He is the main character of the play, and also the voice through which comes everything that happens in the story. His perspective or point of view is subjective, lacking an unbiased view of the other characters and facts. According to Literary Theory this type of narrative voice is very common in genres such as autobiography.
Witness Narrator: This is a character who fulfills the role of narrator, and counts the facts he witnesses. In this case the witness narrator isn´t the protagonist of the story, nor does it fulfill any main role, on the contrary it has as a secondary character, who tells the adventures of the protagonist, in which he has somehow participated. It’s a focus made from the outside, but the narrator belongs to the story.
Inner monologue: it is a narrative voice that aims to emulate in the text the process of thought inherent in the human, such as evocation and association of ideas. However, this literary technique should not be confused with the technique known as stream of conscuiusness.
If you liked this article, share it on your social networks and tell us your opinion about the subject, in the comments box.
Image source: lajornadamichoacan.com.mx
August 22, 2019