Definition of ‘violence’
According to the definition provided in his Dictionary by the Royal Spanish Academy of Language, “violence” can be considered to act to violent someone or something, that is, to act forcefully on someone in order to force them to do something or on the contrary infringe a corporal or physical punishment, as well as furiously lashing out at an inanimate object.
In this sense, violence can be individual, for example a man who mistreats a woman, an individual who harms animals or a person who damages public or private property. Just as it can also be exercised by a collective or group of people, such as violence by protesters during public unrest, or even by institutions in order to suppress those who oppose it as in the case of violence policy or policing.
However, some defend it politically as a way to achieve or catalyze the changes that are sought, the vast majority of people reject any kind of violence, because it is precisely our capacity for dialogue and understanding that differentiates us and gives us the opportunity to try to resolve our conflicts appropriately.
On this occasion we will discuss five phrases about violence, which have been pronounced and written throughout history by the most important thinkers, artists and characters in history. Here’s what the most recognized men and women of all ages think about violence:
Martin Luther King
“Keeping me from violence, whether expressed by tongue, fist or heart.” (Martin Luther King)
In this sentence, the great anti-rights fighter of the African-American population warns of the dangers of any kind of violence.
Incredibly, even though he was the leader of hundreds of thousands of African-Americans segregated and humiliated by the white American minority who enforced highly racist laws, Martin Luther King chose peace as a means of struggle, for, as we can see in this sentence, perhaps he was convinced that both the violence used to offend verbally, or that which takes the form of a blow, or that which nests in the heart to be born hatred only leads to destruction, both to the one who receives it and to the one who exercises it.
“Nothing imposed by violence will be lasting. Violence carries weakness in itself.” (Paul Valéry)
Likewise, for this French philosopher violence is synonymous with weakness, a phrase that could be consona with the popular saying that “violence is the weapon of those who are not right”. According to Valéry imposing something in the way of violence, perhaps it refers to the lack of authority or leadership that leads someone or any institution to force somewhat, rather than having the support, approval and follow-up of an entire collective or a person in determinado.
Likewise this philosopher warns of the ephemeralofity of such impositions, which may be welcomed in the face of the imposed force on a population or its individuals, but which for not coming from the consensus and free will of that or those to whom it is obl cannot be sustained in time.
“Violence is fear of the ideas of others and little faith in one’s own.” (Antonio Fraguas)
In the same sense, Fraguas also relates violence to a feeling that reveals weakness, in this case to the fear of the ideas of others. This, coupled with low self-esteem or lack of faith in oneself, results in that individual taking refuge as the only trench in violence, through which he will try to impose his will, rather than turning to other strategies such as dialogue and mediation.
Jean Paul Sartre
“Violence is unfair depending on where it comes from.” (Jean Paul Sartre)
In another direction, which could be interpreted as politics, this French philosopher seems to distinguish between various types of violence, some that would be unfair, and some not so much.
We could interpret Sartre as perhaps referring to the type of violence generated by a collective to achieve certain changes or achievements, which could be called equal violence, but whose nature would be justice, because it is probably originating as a social response to a system of oppression, such as the political revolutions that occur at a certain time by a specific group that rebelled against tyranny uses violence in the name of freedom, identifying with the just causes of World.
“Violence begets violence, as it is known; but it also engenders profits for the violence industry, which sells it as a spectacle and makes it an object of consumption.” (Eduardo Galeano)
Finally, this Argentine writer emphasizes a new phenomenon that has originated around war and armed conflict, and which can be known as the war industry. On the one hand there would be the industry that publicizes the need for war and convinces us to go to it through the exploitation of values or anti-values such as patriotism, racism, and above all the fear of the other unknown.
Second, there would be industries that sell arms, and who live off the world’s constant wars. There would also be the big communication companies that remain thanks to selling us the news and celebrities that emerged in the heat of war combat.
Likewise Galeano seems to refer to the entire entertainment industry that for years has marketed hundreds of films where violence is sold as value to peoples, in order to position it in the collective unconscious as a natural fact, generating plus insurmountable box office and marketing profits.
In this way, Galeano warns of the amount of millions that manages a whole commercial parataja that today feeds to market with the effects generated by war and the exposure of violence as family entertainment.
Image source: wikipedia.org
August 28, 2019
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