30 years of the GNU manifesto written by Richard Stallman
It is now 30 years since Richard Stallman founded the Free Software Movement and initiate the GNU project ideas are more important today than ever, and user freedoms that both trying to protect, for years we’ve given to corporations. However, it is never too late to change.
A young Richard Stallman working as a developer in the laboratories of MIT Artificial Intelligence, quite upset with the way that proprietary software was moving at the time, and especially as AT & T had begun selling Unix without releasing the source code despite this great operating system were the result of a highly collaborative work among professionals and students; he felt the need to protect the work ethic in which he believed and had experienced at MIT, where it was valued cooperation and intellectual curiosity over economic gains . Stallman felt he had an obligation to change things, and started playing with the idea of creating an alternative to Unix.
Stallman has always been an idealist, who believes that many people are willing to collaborate to help humanity, without that money is the most important.
GNU is not Unix
In March 1985, Richard met all his ideas in a single manifesto GNU project goals were set out and made a call for participation and support to develop an open and free operating system. The acronym “GNU” mean “ GNU’s not Unix “, and the main reason for this was not only the fact that this operating system was an alternative or “competition” of Unix at that time but to warn about the growing trend that began to have several Unix components become homeowners.
“O you control the program or the program controls the user. ” Richard Stallman
The Richard Stallman’s GNU manifesto explains how is beneficial for everyone’s having a completely free operating system . Although many have called crazy and exaggerated, Stallman seems to have been the first to understand that in a future where only corporations were the masters of technology and control all computers, users eventually would be dependent and partly owned by these entities . If we think of as corporations like Google, Apple, Facebook or Microsoft, to name only the largest, using proprietary technology and offer free services in exchange of our personal information, we can say that future Stallman feared, has years established .
I believe that the Golden Rule requires that if I like a program I must share with others who also are like. GNU manfiesto.
For years it has been explained that “free” in free software has nothing to do with if something is free or not . In the same manifest GNU, Stallman explains that GNU is not part of the public domain , although we all have permission to edit and resdistribuir GNU, nobody will be allowed to restrict its further redistribution. That is, no one can use free software to create proprietary software (and does not mean that it can not charge for free software). This is something extremely important to Stallman, and a few months after publishing the manifesto, he founded the Free Software Movement, founded in 1985 for the Free Software Foundation , with the intention of ensuring a number of freedoms software users, and which is still the president to date.
In this initiative arose the license copyleft , that allow creators to release their work under the protection of copyright in a completely opposite way to that of copyright . These licenses allow anyone to use, study, modify and share the material, but requires anyone using it to share any derivatives with the same license, thus ensuring freedom of content. A license that protects the user rather than the author . Less restrictive licenses have since appeared, under the standard open source that some describe as more pragmatic than free software.
Although the ideal world of Richard Stallman is far from done Actually, his ideas have certainly had a huge success and a huge impact on the world. Currently many governments, schools, universities, and laboratories to the magnitude of CERN, those using free software. The web we all know would not be possible without such principles, and without GNU Linux would not