Christianity, that is, the religion that has as its central point the faith and worship around the figure of Jesus Christ (more information in Biography of Jesus of Nazareth) is one of the most important religions, among the more than four thousand and two hundred cults and beliefs professed around the world.
However, all Christians do not follow the same religion, for within Christian beliefs, several branches and sects can be found. In this regard, in 2012, the Vatican Agency Asianews published an article in which it estimated that of the two one hundred and eighty million people who admit to believing fervently in Jesus Christ, fifty percent declare themselves Catholic, while the other fifty percent (approximately one billion people) practice other cults, which also have as their common point Christ.
On this occasion we would like to offer a list of some of these cults that make up the Christian religion, so that the reader can get a clear idea of their differences with each other, as well as their similarities. Here are some of the most recognized Christian cults around the world:
The first groups arising around the teachings of Christ are known by this name, immediately after the historical man known as Jesus of Nazareth was crucified. At the time they fiercely faced the statutes of the Roman Empire, being cruelly persecuted and eliminated by it.
In recent decades the name of this cult has been picked up strongly by various groups around the world, which are based on the in-depth study of the Bible. They also reject belief in saints and images, since they declare to believe and have only a relationship with God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit, which is cultivated through reading and belief in the biblical scriptures, called by them Word of God.
Apostolic and Roman Catholics
As mentioned above, it is one of the Christian currents that most parishioners occupy, with at least one billion followers in the world. It is headquartered in the Vatican City, in Rome, Italy, where it is believed to have been founded by Peter, the direct apostle of Christ, who received from his own mouth the mission of building a church.
This religion has a hierarchical organization, where the highest leader is the Pope, head of the Church and representation of God in the world. Underneath it are correlative positions by cardinals, archbishops, bishops, canons, vicars and parents.
Likewise, the Catholic Church believes in the Bible, as do Christians. Although unlike the latter, in addition to the belief in Christ, Catholics also profess worship for the Virgin Mary, as well as the Saints, who are asked for favors and miracles. Likewise, they worship against images of their deities. They also have seven obligatory sacraments, which must be fulfilled by the parishioner, throughout his life.
Founded after the East and West Schism, which occurred on July 16, 1054, where it was separated from the Roman Catholic Church, the Orthodox Apostolic Catholic Church is the second most adept Christian Catholic service in the world, counting among its more than three hundred million people.
This Orthodox church considers itself heir and cluster of all Christian manifestations and communities, located in the eastern half of the Mediterranean. It is also made up of fifteen churches, which recognizes as authority each of its leaders, called Patriarchs.
Emerging in the 16th century, after the Protestant Reformation, it is based on the Lutheran doctrine which sees the Bible as the only guide and authority as to the Christian faith. He also understands that the only form of salvation is inner conversion, which is reached only through faith in Christ and in his word, written in the Gospels. He does not recognize the authority of the Pope, while rejecting all worship of the saints.
Armenian Apostolic Gregorian Church
Also called Armanios, they constitute a Christian sect, arising from the Council of Chalcedon in 451 A.D., when they decided to break with the Catholic Catholic Church and Romana, as well as with the Patriarchs, because they disagreed with the dual nature of Christ, that is, human and divine. In this sense, Armenians declare themselves monophesites, that is, they believe only in the divine nature of Christ, rejecting the possibility of human qualities in Christ.
Other Christian sects
There are also other Christian sects in the world, which group smaller numbers of followers, but are also distinguished by having faith in the figure of Christ, as well as in the promise of a second coming, which will come with the Universal Judgment and the arrival Kingdom of God to Earth (more information in Characteristics of Christianity). Here are some of these beliefs:
- Seventh-Day Adventists
- Jehovah’s Witnesses
- Opus Dei
- Christian Catholic Church
These just to name a few of the various Christian cults around the world, not counting those that are in formation, or still do not have due recognition as worship or religion.
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September 18, 2019