Pedro Almodóvar Caballero (Calzada de Calatrava, Ciudad Real, Spain, 25 September 1949).
Musician, Writer, Screenwriter, Actor, Producer and Film Director, of Spanish origin, considered one of the independent filmmakers, of greater prestige and projection, both in Spain and outside it. His film work has led him to receive several national and international awards, among which two Oscars, as well as some Goya Awards.
Likewise, his career as a Producer has brought to the screen films of renowned directors, which have also been the center of several awardes. According to critics, the film that consecrated it and projected it to world fame was “Women on the Verge of a Nervous Attack” (1984).
Also his films “All About My Mother” (1999), “Talk to Her” (2002) and “Back” (2006) which have come to contribute to the fame of this director, recognized for his naturalistic language and full of black and irreverent humor, which focuses his lens on characters always on the sidelines, thus moving away from the costumbrism.
Pedro Almodóvar was born on September 25, 1949, in Calzada de Calatrava, Ciudad Real, Spain, in the humble marriage of harriers, made up of his father Antonio Almodóvar and his mother, Francisca Caballero.
At an early age, he moved with his family to Orellana la Vieja, and some time later to Madigalejo, located in Cáceres. His first studies were in schools in these localities, as a teenager he graduated as a high school, after studying with the Salesian and Franciscan priests of Cáceres capital. According to his biographers, at this stage Almodóvar met and fell in love with cinema.
Bachelor’s degree in hand and at eighteen years of age, he moved to Madrid, with the intention of studying Film, however his hopes would be dashed, due to the recent closure of the Film School.
Almodóvar then decided to get a job. After several interviews and temporary work, he managed to acquire a position in the Spanish Telefónica, company where he remained for the next twelve years. Personally, Almodóvar became involved with the urban movement of the time, known as the Madrid move.
During this time, he also belonged to the theater group Los Goliardos, a group where he met and befriended Féliz Rotaeta and actress Carmen Maura, who would become the star of his first films. He also formed with the musician Fabio de Miguel (Fabio McNamara) the parodic punk-glam rock duo Amodóvas& McNamara.
In 1980, Pedro Almodóvar managed to shoot his first length in 35mm, which he named “Pepi, Luci, Bom and other girls of the heap”. For this filming, he had a budget of five hundred thousand pesetas, which he collected among his friends. It is also identified as the first link in what critics identify as the experimental stage of this Spanish director.
However, his recognition and popularity would come, four years later, from the hand of the film “What have I done to deserve this?” (1984) starring Carmen Maura and starring Chus Lampreave.
A few years later, the Spanish Television hires him to shoot the medium “Trailer for Lovers of the Forbidden”, which was made for the program The Golden Age. Similarly in 1982, he directed his film “Labyrinth of Passions”, as well as a year later “Between Darkness” (1983).
The 1980s became a very important time for this director, who – according to critics – achieved the refinement of his form, bringing to light much more sophisticated and fun scripts, with an important touch of melodrama.
Of this, identified by the filmmakers as the second stage of Almodóvar, stand out his films “Matador” (1986), “The Law of Desire” (1987), “Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown” (1988), which catapulted him to world fame, being considered the consecration of Almodóvar in the genre of sophisticated comedy.
Also noteworthy are the films “Tie Me!” (1990), “Far Tacons” (1991) and “Kika” (1993), the latter nonetheless did not achieve the success sought by the director, being heavily criticized by his detractors, who accuse him of trivializing the violation within the film. Another group of films, catalogued by the specialists in the amodovariana filmography as his social stage, among which can be told the films “The Flower of My Secret” (1995), “Carne Trémula” (1997), “All About My Mother” (1999), “Talk About (2002) and “Mala Educación” (2004).
Subsequently, according to critics, his “introspective stage” would come along, which includes his films “Volver” (2006), “The Broken Hugs” (2009), “La Piel que habito” (2011), “The Passenger Lovers” (2013).
Recognitions and films as a Producer
His career as a filmmaker has earned him several accolades, including two Academy Awards: 1999 (“All About My Mother”, Best Craft Film) and 2002 (“Talk to Her”, Best Original Screenplay), as well as two more nominations: 1988 (“« Women on the verge of a nervous breakdown”, Best Foreign Film, 2002 (“Talk to her”, Best Director). Likewise, her work has received two Golden Globe Awards: 2000 (“All About My Mother”, Best Film in the English Language) and 2003 (“Talk to her”, Best Film in the Non-English language).
He also has six BAFTA Awards, seven Goya Awards, three César Awards, a Silver Condor Award, a Best Director of the Bogota Film Festival (1987) for his film “La Ley del Deseo”, a David de Donatello Award and two Awards from the International Festival of Cannes Cinema.
He also has owned, together with his brother, the production company El Deseo, which he has produced for the prestigious directors Alex of the Church (“Wild Tales”, 2014), Guillermo del Toro (“El espinazo del diablo”, 2001), Isabel Coixet (“My life without me”, 2002; “The Secret Life of Words”, 2005), Lucrecia Martel (“The Holy Girl”, 2004; “The Blonde Woman,” 2007).
Image source: hellofriki.com
August 14, 2019