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Buddhism is one of the four largest religions in the world with approximately 500 million adherents, and practiced especially in countries of the East. Although in principle it was not conceived as a religion, but as a philosophical doctrine and, even, as a way of life that has as its purpose compassion and the elimination of suffering.
It arose in India approximately between the sixth and fifth centuries BC, based on the teachings given by Siddhartha Gautama and would be extended in the future by other great promoters and figures. These are some of the main representatives of Buddhism:
He is the founder and principal representative of Buddhism, also called Buddha (“the awake” or the wise) or Zakyamuni (the lonely of the Zakyas). His name means “he who opened his eyes,” hence he is also called “the awake,” the wise or the enlightened.
Yasodara is the wife of Buddha, the mother of Rāhula and the sister of Devadatta. Time after the Buddha reached enlightenment she became a nun where she observed great discipline. She is considered an arahatā.
He was one of the ten closest disciples of Siddhartha Gautama, and is considered to be the elder disciple in wisdom to such an extent that Śākyamuni considered him his successor, although this did not happen because of his premature death.
Nāgārjuna (founder of the Madhyamaka school)
Nāgārjuna is considered one of the most Buddhist figures. Together with his disciple Āryadeva, he is considered as the founder of the Madhyamaka school. He is also credited with developing the philosophy of Prajñāpāramitā.
Nichiren was a Buddhist priest of Japanese origin who lived during the period of Kamakura (1185-1333). He is known to have developed the teachings that are now known as Nichiren Buddhism, a secondary school of Mahayana Buddhism.
Also known as Guru Rinpoche, he was the founder of the Tibetan school. He lived in the 8th century and helped in the construction of the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet. He is usually revered as a “second Buddha,” especially by supporters of Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, the Indian Himalayan states and elsewhere.
He is known as the 14th Dalai Lama, the highest political and spiritual leader of Tibet, and religious leader of the Gelug school, one of the main schools of Tibetan Buddhism.
Tantric Buddhism is the most hidden and powerful aspect of Buddhism, in which the initiate is given the secret of secrets: the mysteries of tantra or sacred sexuality. It is indicated to him that it is in the seed where the Light is found and that it should be conducted to the brain by means of a special practice that was then given to him from lip to ear, from master to disciple.
The Dhammapada is the Gospel of Lord Budha and in this powerful book, the correct way to live and what is the purpose of existence is explained. Undoubtedly, the transcendental meditation is the basis of this Buddhist doctrine and if we analyze carefully the teachings of these mentioned masters, we will see with total clarity the urgency to work on one’s own mind.
June 17, 2019