The Olmecas or ‘inhabitants of the country of the Hule’, are considered by specialists as the ‘Mother Culture’ of Mesoamerica, the archaeological area that comprises much of Mexico and the Central American countries.
Archaeological research has shown that this mysterious Civilization occupied the south-eastern mexican center since 1,500 BC, during the so-called Lower Preclassic Horizon.
The name Olmecas was awarded at the beginning of the last century by archaeologists who discovered their vestiges, since this civilization had disappeared thousands of years before the arrival of the Spaniards in Mexico, which is why, it has been impossible to know their real name.
The Olmecas achieved remarkable advances and developments: they domesticated the dog and the turkey, practiced beekeeping and obtained psychoactive substances from marine toads. They pioneered the manufacture of ritual objects in jade and obsidian; in the art of feathering and in the use of rubber.
Archaeology has discovered that the Olmecas not only lived in Mexico, but somehow ‘colonized’ other areas of the continent, such as the Pacific coast in southern Colombia and northern Ecuador, a strategic area that allowed them to trade in the jungles Peruvian coast, culturally influencing nearby regions.
The first to speak of the “feathered snake”
The Olmecas inherited the cult of caves, mountains and feathered snake from later Mesoamerican cultures. It was the first pyramid-building architects and engineers in Mexico and consequently originated the complex astronomical calendars that to this day dazzle scientists.
But perhaps, what turns out to be more intriguing is the large number of gigantic stone-carved heads, which exhibit physiognomic features that are not at all typical of pre-Columbian populations, and which by their realism, challenge all theories about the development of Mesoamerican cultures. Most of these huge heads have negroid characteristics, such as a flattened nose and thick lips, a physiognomy that is typical of the inhabitants of the African continent.
Considering that the first Africans who came to America, they did so in the 16th century, according to official historical records, the hypotheses about those represented in the huge sculptures are increasingly directed towards potential contacts between America and the Old World, which occurred perhaps, hundreds or even thousands of years before the arrival of Christopher Columbus.
Image source: pixabay.com
August 28, 2019