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the cuisines of the world would not be the same without the integration of these Mexican foods. . Let’s meet some of these delicacies
Mexico is rich in your kitchen, in fact has been recognized by Unesco since 2010, as intangible heritage of humanity ; its variety is surprising themselves and others. Mexico is so vast in its territory, biodiversity, and integrated its roots in prominent indigenous peoples, that all this cultural richness makes it a difficult country to meet but always impressive.
Wealth and variety of Mexican cuisine has been recognized by UNESCO as Intangible Heritage of Humanity
on the arrival of the Spaniards to America, and then the process of conquest, in Mexico, in the countries of central and southern Africa, the mixture of cultures made a syncretism that forever changed. Not only in Mexico food, animals and customs of the Old World were introduced, but bring foods that are today essential part of world cuisines and delicacies that are enjoyed around it.
in some cases, such as corn, has been discussed many times its endemic origin and the contribution other countries dispute, however, it will refer to some native foods and others that here you have a record of having been domesticated in Mexico and, upon arrival of the Spaniards, the inhabitants of this region had great command of them and had great presence in Mexican foods. So, let’s review some of the most important and exotic
As I said above lines, corn has been center large discrepancies between studies and researchers the origin of this plant. This is the same documents FAO explaining more fully the various theories of the origin of maize. It is recognized that the teosinte is the wild ancestor of maize. What is indisputable is the importance of corn in the Mexican people and in which large number of dishes are based in all regions of Mexico.
The corn was used as currency in indigenous peoples, and one of the pillars of Mexican cuisine and, of course, the basis of one of the most popular Mexican foods: las omelets
This dish is originally from Mexico and Central America. Today it is grown in many countries, especially in places with tropical and Mediterranean climates. It was cultivated towards 7000. C., and it is known to have existed for over 50,000 years in the volcanic slopes of Central America and part of what is now Mexico . It is divided into three “races”: Mexican, Guatemalan and West Indian. This nutritious fruit and unique flavor is present in dishes such as the famous guacamole and as an accompaniment to many dishes. The Mexica people distinguished, in turn, three varieties: ahuacatl, tlacosalahuácatl and quilahuácatl. The word “avocado” follows the “ahuacatl” Nahuatl, meaning “testicle”; Spanish christened him as “pear Indian”
No doubt this is one of the most delicious and important contributions from Mexico to the world. The origin of the plant is located in the region of the Amazon basin, however, use as food and fruit processing dates back to 1900 – 900 B.C., specifically in Veracruz, Mexico . It is also known that the Olmecs, one of the oldest civilizations of Mexico, also used as well as the Maya. The Mexica people also used it as food, as currency for taxes and transactions due to the high esteem in which he had this fruit.
On the other hand, its use was limited to the noble classes and rulers. Other classes only ate and drank on very special occasions.
Closely linked to chocolate, this food from orchid Vanilla planifolia , was used to flavor the drink. The people of the Totonac, who occupied the coastal regions of the Gulf of Mexico, were the ones who produced the vanilla and distributed to the Mexica . The Spanish renamed this product with “vanilla” for its resemblance to the bean pods, however, among the Totonac was named as “caxixanath” which means “hunted flower.”
No doubt a contribution to the world that changed everything in the kitchens of it. The Mexica knew him as xictomatl , which means fruit with navel. In many places it is known as tomato, however, Mexico is distinguished green tomatoes or tomato leaf. In the Mexica kitchens used as food and it is estimated that domestication dates back to 500 BC
They say it was the same Hernán Cortés who introduced the tomato to Europe, and there are records of its presence in a botanical research in 1544. later this fruit conquer Italian cuisine to transform it forever; the same happened in other countries
While it is a fruit native to Mexico and Central America, it should point it out here because had great importance in the diet of indigenous peoples and its use spread to everyone once they found the New world and Old . The chili was called chilli in Nahuatl. For many indigenous peoples, chiles, corn and beans they represented the staple food. Upon arrival of the Spaniards he was appointed chili and pepper flavored by his close pepper.
The importance of chilies in their various presentations and varieties is vast in Mexican cuisine. simple and elaborate dishes require the use of several types of chilies for making them, including popular dishes and more common.
More succulent contributions
This subject is for many pages and research. However, it is interesting to note some of these foods that transformed the world’s cuisines and food. Other delicious foods that Mexico gave the world are some species of squash, chayote, beans; fruits like soursop and pitaya . Also important seeds like chia and amaranth . And the maguey and epazote , very peculiar and important in many Mexican dishes aromatic plant.
March 11, 2016
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