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the seventh module of the ISS, known as Kibo, Esperanza, is a space lab that has almost everything you could want in microgravity, to experiments.
“Hope” is the name the seventh module of the International Space Station, which is also the first module of Japanese origin. Its functions are many, their performance even more and its usefulness is simply uncountable. And to be convinced of this, ESA has published a tour to visit the inside space lab interactively. With Kibo and are eight units of the ISS that we can visit without leaving the couch at home
What is the Kibo
The Japanese experiment module or JEM, also known as Kibo, which means hope in Japanese, is a laboratory. It is produced by JAXA (JAXA), and its basic function is experimentation, but has a module storage and transport. Among other things, Kibo has a division with a pressurized and an exposed area to outer space to experiment area. It also has a mechanical arm that allows you to manipulate objects and experiment module. Kibo is the largest laboratory module of the ISS, although this is more due to the reduction of other modules rather than its original size. He was sent to the ISS between 2008 and 2009 in three parts. Currently it has the ability to send satellites into outer ( nano- , with less than ten kilos weight) and research focuses on biomedical and biophysical space-related topics. Now, let’s start with the tour.
With its eleven by four meters , pressurized cylindrical module, also known as PM, is the main Kibo space. In it astronauts in a space is provided for experiments in microgravity. It contains its own power system, communications, air conditioner filter and other support functions to permit operation. In addition, it consists of all controls to manage and control the rest of “sub-modules” belonging to Kibo
the installation exposed, known as EF, is a unique platform on the ISS. And that is because is located outside the PM, so it is constantly subjected to harsh and hostilities in outer space. To communicate between EF and PM, astronauts use a pressurized hatch that allows the exchange of material between the two environments. They need to use the mechanical arm of Kibo, which will see now. The main objective of the experiments on the EF is usually related to Earth observation or communication. Kibo EF can hold up to ten simultaneous experiments.
Experimental Logistics Module
Another fundamental aspects of Kibo is in its logistics module. With three and a half meters by four and a half long, this other cylindrical module is intended to serve as transport and storage module . In the research tools and other items that may be needed in the daily life of the inhabitants of the ISS are saved
The Kibo robotic arm is actually a two-part instrument. The main arm is responsible for moving heavy objects while the “thin” arm aims to perform more delicate operations. Each arm has six joints and, as we explained, are operated from the PM by a camera located on the arm . The arm is specifically used to change the experiments and the material in the EF or the hatch PM, but can also be used for another series of necessary maintenance tasks in Kibo. The arm is almost 11 meters long and its movement mimics in many respects, the human arm
Communication System interorbital
also known as ICS lets operators control and manage mission send commands to Kibo discretion. But even more critical than this is the fact that allows Kibo transmit all information to base without having losses , since conservation of raw information obtained. The ICS has several instruments to ensure communication and quality of the same in all conditions.
April 21, 2016
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