Perhaps it is best, before addressing each of the phrases that the most outstanding authors and thinkers of history have built in relation to Anguish, is to briefly revise the very definition of this human feeling, in order to understand each of these thoughts in their precise conceptual context.
In this way, an important first step may be to consult the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy of Language, where you can find that Anguish is defined as an unpleasant emotional state, which is almost always caused by the fear of a danger can be met, from which real security can be had, such as simply suspected, or even feared without any indication.
Likewise, in general, Psychology – discipline that has been responsible for the in-depth study of this feeling – points out that Anguish is also linked to physical factors, that is, that even if its origin is mental or psychological, its suffering can be reflected in the body of the person who is overwhelmed by anguish, this feeling that can then be experienced linked to palpitations, sweating, tachycardia, insomnia, stomach upsets, among others. Also, Psychology refers that Anguish is closely linked with emotions such as Anxiety, Anger and Depression.
Phrases about Anguish
However, beyond its psychological definition, Anguish is also studied as a philosophical factor, inherent in the human condition, which in the face of the unknown or the sudden change of the norm is precipitated to the anguish of not knowing its fate. Likewise, modernity tends to see Anguish as the inseparable companion of Solitude, since the latter is understood as an abandonment, and therefore the root of Angustia by ignoring the place itself, and above all where progress should be made.
Therefore, several thinkers and artists have at one time referred to Anguish, both own and Human, because – especially as a result of the second half of the twentieth century – the individual conceives himself – after the declared death of God and the post-war – with or a being abandoned in the world, without grip, without God, without company and without being able to know what his destiny is, which can generate nothing less than a deep Anguish, which results in a constant search for answers, through Art and thought. Here are some of the most important phrases about Human Anguish:
Pius Baroja (1872 – 1956)
One has the anguish, the desperation of not knowing what to do with life, of not having a plan, of being lost.
Perhaps one of the most consonous phrases with modern anguish is this, belonging to the Spanish writer of the twentieth century, Pius Baroja, for whom the basis of this feeling lies mainly in the inability of man to know or know what to do with his life. In this way, the absence of a clear route, of a preconceived destiny, of full knowledge of why of existence could throw the individual into the Anguish of drift, which, as Baroja expresses, is a feeling close to Despair, perhaps because this Anguish is also doomed to remain forever, to find no answer or calmness to its effervescence.
Soren Kierkegaard (1813 – 1855)
Anguish is the vertigo of freedom.
However, Anguish is not always seen from a pessimistic perspective. An example of this is this phrase constructed by the 19th-century Danish politician and theologian, Soren Kierkegaard, for whom Anguish would be a symptom of human freedom. In this sense, to paraphrase a little the intention of this thinker, the Anguish of man would be based on not knowing his own destiny or purpose, but this would not be a condemnation, but the manifestation of his full freedom, the freedom to have no ties or way written, and on the contrary have the possibility of creating his own path.
Therefore, despite the vertigo and anguish that this cluster of possible paths and destinies originates in man, in reality – in the light of this philosopher – are these feelings the price that man must pay for his freedom.
Roger Garaudy (1913 – 2012)
Religious anguish is, on the one hand, the expression of real anguish and, on the other, protest against real distress.
Percentily in this very optics of The Anguish as a symptom of Freedom is inscribed this phrase of Roger Garaudy, a prominent French politician, philosopher and writer, of the twentieth century, considered one of the most important modern voices of Communism, and for whom the Real Human Anguish would end up seeking refuge in religion, this area that would also be constituted by a type of Spiritual Anguish, which would try to answer hundreds of human questions, being then at one time a way to express this anguish real, and at the same time a way to run away from it. Religion would therefore be one of the many paths that human anguish would choose to find some handle in the midst of the drift of life.
Jean Paul Sartre (1905 – 1980)
Do we ever dispel or lessen our anguish? The truth is, we couldn’t suppress it since we ourselves are distress.
However, on this journey to combat and end the existential anguish of not knowing or knowing what fate is to be pursued, a phrase that becomes relevant is this, uttered at the time by the famous French writer, politician and philosopher, of the twentieth century , Jean Paul Sartre, for whom any attempt to flee or appease human anguish would be useless, since according to his vision the Anguish would be a characteristic or characteristic of its own and inherent to the human, therefore trying to overcome it would mean going against the essence itself. Therefore, the only option left to man is to live under this feeling, for it constitutes being.
Jean Rostand (1894 – 1977)
Human loneliness: our pride has the same source as our anguish.
However, for all authors, Anguish lies in the inability of man to know his destiny or to know what steps he must take to move towards him. In this sense, this phrase of Jean Rostand, French philosopher, biologist and writer, of the twentieth century, could be brought to chapter then for whom existential anguish was based on a man’s evil of this century: loneliness.
Under this lens, the individual, in addition to not knowing where he is and where he should go, must live in total solitude, both experiential and ontological. Therefore, in addition to having no direction, man must live drift alone, situations that can lead him not to another path but to the deep anguish of not knowing what is to come, as well as having not with whom to face him.
In the struggle, the hours of trouble and anguish go fast, unnoticed.
However, Anguish is not established for all authors as an invincible circumstance. An example of this is this phrase by the Russian writer Máximo Gorki, who contrary to the Western belief of the need for a creative thededio, strongly points out that remedies for the great evils of the twentieth century: weariness and anguish, are found precisely on the other side: in the struggle.
In this way, Gorki – to paraphrase his intentions clearly – could be indicating that what gives meaning to life is to assume a cause, at which point man then knows what steps he should take and where he should direct his energy and commitment , thereby making the emptiness on which the Anguish is founded dissise at the conviction.
October 24, 2019
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