Precursors of the Industrial Revolution

It all begins at the beginning of the sixteenth century, with the Baroque, it is notorious that trade had reached further expansion, as well as banks and financial systems had a momentous boom as well as navigation, watchmaking and printing systems.

A new world order

Exactly, from the 18th century onwards, Europe, the leading continent of the Industrial Revolution, was already the difference of the rest of the world in its advances in the industry. It was mainly due to the relationshipbetween traders and farmers, which resulted in a positive consequence, productivity growth and a considerable increase in people.

The main forerunners of the Industrial Revolution, obviously, were the scientists and the great industrialists who transformed all agricultural and commercial systems.

Wars were also major precursors of this new stage, such as the Napoleonic Wars, whose consequences frighteningly affected the population, forcing them to produce all the raw materials that would meet their needs with higher quality and Effectiveness.

Religious precursors

There are evidentiary theories that the causes of the Industrial Revolution were purely religious, due to the conflicts and important events of the Church, such as the Protestant Reformation led by Luther and Calvin, which triggered in a considerable change of mindset in Europeans.

The notion of work was the most altered aspect in psychology, since the Church promulgated that work was a divine punishment for the original sin that drove us from paradise. Luther and Calvin taught to regard work as a fundamental and dignifying value or good.

In England we find a good part of those precursors, for there was invented the steam engine and steel furnaces, which were the spark that caused the Industrial Revolution.

In political and economic aspects, the names of characters such as Jhon Locke, the father of empiricism and modern liberalism stand out. Adam Smith, the father of economics and capitalism, author of “The Wealth of Nations.” Samuel Crompton, designer and creator of spinning machines. George Stephenson, creator of the locomotive.

Precursors of the Industrial Revolution
Source: Education  
June 30, 2019

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