Plasticine is a very popular modeling material used in education, art and entertainment. But do you know how this substance came about?
In general, plasticine is a mixture of clay and rubber, and its origin dates back to ancient Greece and Rome. The ancient Greeks and Romans used clays to make figures and sculptures. However, these clays dried and broke easily, making them difficult to use for modeling.
In the 1800s, German chemist Friedrich Hofmann began experimenting with different mixtures of clay and gums to create a substance that was more resistant and malleable. In 1856, Hofmann patented his invention, which he called “plasticine”. Hofmann’s plasticine was very different from the plasticine we know today, as it was made of tallow, beeswax and caustic soda. However, his invention laid the foundation for modern plasticine.
New plasticine formula
By 1920, a Belgian artist named Paul Gillot improved Hofmann’s formula, using talc and zinc oxide instead of caustic soda. This mixture resulted in a safer and easier to work with plasticine. Gillot began selling his plasticine under the name “Fimo”, which became one of the world’s leading plasticine manufacturers.
In the 1930s, an American artist named Peter Kinney, mixed talc, zinc oxide, petroleum jelly and beeswax, creating a softer and easier to knead play dough, known as “Play-Doh”. It was used as a toy for children and its success was such that it became a commercial product and is today one of the best known and most widely used toys in the world.
Plasticine is an invention that has its roots in ancient Greece and Rome, but has evolved over the years thanks to the innovation and creativity of several chemists and inventors. Today, plasticine is a valuable material for education, art and entertainment, and remains popular with children and adults of all ages.
Some current plasticine curiosities
Chemical composition: Plasticine is made from lead salt, mineral oil and clay.
Medical uses: Plasticine has been used in the medical field to make models for studying and simulating human organs and tissues.
Physical properties: Plasticine is a non-toxic, non-sticky and non-drying material.
Use in the film industry: Plasticine is a popular material in the film industry to create models and special effects, such as explosions and earthquakes, and also to simulate the appearance of animated characters or animals.
Use in music: Some musical instruments, such as ocarinas, have been made from plasticine.
Customization: Plasticine can be mixed with different pigments and essences to create a wide variety of unique colors and scents.
Architectural models and models: Plasticine is ideal for the creation of architectural models and models because it is easy to mold and allows great precision in the representation of details. Architects and designers can create scale models of their future projects to better visualize their appearance and function before building them.
Toys and games: Plasticine is a popular material for making toys and games. It is easy to mold and does not dry out, allowing children to create and play with their creations for extended periods of time.
Advertising and art: Plasticine is used in advertising and art to create eye-catching and colorful sculptures and advertisements. It is an ideal material for these purposes because of its ability to be molded and colored in unique ways.
Mold making: Plasticine is also used in the manufacture of molds for the mass production of plastic or metal products. Molds are created from plasticine models that are then used to produce identical parts.
Education: Plasticine is a popular material in education because it is easy to use and allows children to explore their creativity and modeling skills. It is used in art classes and educational activities to teach construction skills and spatial thinking.
Therapy: Plasticine is also used in therapy to help people overcome emotional and mental health problems. Manipulating play dough can be a way to release tension and anxiety, and can also help improve coordination and manual dexterity.
Benefits for children
Development of fine motor skills: Play dough manipulation requires children to use their fingers and hands to mold and knead the material. This type of activity helps develop fine motor skills and hand-eye coordination.
Enhancing creativity and imagination: Playing with play dough allows children to explore their creativity and imagination by creating imaginary objects, animals and characters. This activity is an excellent way to stimulate children’s imagination and creativity.
Learning problem solving: Play dough is a malleable material that allows children to experiment and problem solve by working with it. For example, if a child is trying to create a particular object, adjustments and changes may need to be made as the process progresses. This activity helps children develop problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
Improved self-esteem: By working with play dough, children can experiment with their creativity and take pride in what they have created. This can improve their self-esteem and boost their self-confidence.
Improved social skills: Playing with play dough can be a fun and interactive activity for children. By working together on play dough projects, children can improve their social skills and learn to work as a team.
Cognitive development: By working with play dough, children can learn about the shape, size, texture and consistency of objects. This can help develop their cognitive skills and improve their understanding of the world around them.
Improved concentration and patience: Playing with play dough can require a great deal of concentration and patience, especially if children are trying to create a specific object. This activity can help children develop concentration and patience skills that will be useful in other areas of their lives.
Emotional expression: Play dough can be a useful tool for children’s emotional expression. By working with the material, children can experiment with their feelings and express them creatively. This activity can be especially useful for children who have difficulty verbalizing their emotions.
Memory improvement: Playing with play dough can help improve children’s long-term memory. By creating objects with the material, children can remember how they created them and the details of their process. This can help improve long-term memory and encourage retention of information.
Fluorescent play dough is a type of play dough that glows in the dark after being exposed to light. Fluorescent play dough is a popular material for fun and educational activities, especially for children.
Fluorescent play dough works due to the presence of phosphorescent materials in its composition. These materials absorb light and keep it stored for some time before releasing it in the form of visible light. Fluorescent play dough glows in a bright color after being exposed to light, making it ideal for nighttime activities and for creating special effects.
In addition to being fun, fluorescent play dough is also a valuable material for education. Children can experiment with play dough and learn about photoluminescence and how it works. It is also a popular material in art education, as it allows children to create unique and colorful glow-in-the-dark artwork.
Solid sculptures with play dough
Dryable and bakeable play dough is a type of play dough designed to be molded, dried and then fired to create durable and sturdy objects. This material is popular with artists, crafters and children who want to create permanent objects from their creativity and manual skills.
Plasticine that can be dried and baked is different from conventional plasticine in that it is composed of materials that harden and become tough after being exposed to heat. This means that objects created with this play dough can last a long time and be handled and displayed without fear of deterioration over time.
In addition to its durability, dryable and bakeable play dough is also versatile in terms of its use. It can be used to create a wide range of objects, from jewelry to home décor items to toy figures. It is also an ideal material for artists and crafters who want to create unique and personalized pieces.
In terms of safety, dryable and bakeable play dough is generally safe to use, but it is important to follow proper safety and usage instructions. It is important to make sure the play dough is completely dry before baking and to follow the recommended baking guidelines to avoid any risk of fire or injury.
Edible play dough
Edible play dough is a type of toy and culinary art material that can be used both to create fun shapes and objects and to decorate dishes and desserts. This material is made from ingredients that are safe for human consumption, making it a popular choice for those looking for a fun and creative alternative to cooking.
The edible play dough is available in a variety of colors and flavors, making it ideal for creating fun designs and shapes in dishes and desserts. In addition, it can also be used to create edible toy objects and figures, such as decorated cakes and cookies.
There are several types of plasticine that can be eaten, each with its own characteristics and properties. Some edible play doughs are made with natural ingredients, such as fruits and vegetables, while others are made with chemicals that are safe for human consumption.
In addition to being a fun and creative material, edible play dough also offers a number of benefits and learning opportunities for children and adults. Playing and working with play dough can develop manual and motor skills, as well as the ability to think and create in new and original ways.
However, it is important to note that while the play dough that can be eaten is safe for consumption, it is also important to follow proper safety and usage instructions. It is important to make sure that the play dough to be consumed is of high quality and made with ingredients that are safe for human consumption.
Phoneia.com (February 11, 2023). The Origin of Plasticine. Recovered from https://phoneia.com/en/the-origin-of-plasticine/